Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Sericins are large proteins with molecular weights >70 kDa. Three sericin genes were reported in the silkworm, including sericin 1, sericin 2 and sericin 3. In this study, we have identified a new sericin gene and designated it as sericin 4. The sequence, exon-intron structure, alternative splicing, and translation products of this gene have been described in this study. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis indicates that sericin 4 is expressed in the middle silk gland. Immunofluorescence results show co-localization of sericin 1 and sericin 4 in the MSG. Western blot analysis revealed that sericin 4 was found in the larval silk produced from the second instar to the fourth instar. Two protein bands at approximately 280 kDa and 260 kDa, were detected by western blot for sericin 4. Two repetitive motifs that are rich in charged amino acids and glutamine have been identified, and they are likely to be responsible for the adhesiveness of sericin 4. Overall, this study identifies a novel biological adhesive protein and provides new information for understanding how sericins contribute to the adhesive properties of larval silks.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
MicroRNA is an important regulation factor in insect development and metamorphosis. It has been reported that E(spl)m4 is a miRNA-targeted gene, as well as the target of the Notch signaling pathway in...
Although Enterobacter sp. 532 shows pathogenicity in Bombyx mori, the insecticidal mechanisms are unclear. Here, we identified and characterised insecticidal protein from Enterobacter. Insecticidal pr...
Myosins are a large family of actin filament-based motor proteins with a broad range of functions such as intracellular membrane trafficking, endocytosis, exocytosis, organellar transport, growth cone...
Lepidopteran cells rely on multiple antiviral responses to defend against baculovirus infections, including apoptosis, global protein synthesis shutdown, and rRNA degradation. Here, we characterized a...
In group I nucleopolyhedrovirus such as Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV), the biological functions of F-like protein (Bm14) still remain elusive. Here, we found that the deletion of Bm14 reduc...
1. The wound healing time of STSG donor sites which are treated with the novel biocellulose wound dressing containing silk sericin and PHMB should be less or equal to Bactigras®...
The adhesion of the new adhesive strips is investigated on healthy volunteers
The study investigates the impanct real output has on the adhesion of a new adhesive
The study investigates the impact real output has on peristomal skin covered by a newly developed adhesive and a standard adhesive
This study aims to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of contemporary resin-based adhesive systems by retention rate of resin restorations placed in non carious cervical lesions with four...
A serine-rich sticky protein secreted by MOTHS. Generally, the term refers to silkworm silk gum protein secreted in the middle section of silk gland cells of SILKWORMS, Bombyx mori. Sericin acts as a cement and coating for the two fibroin filaments in a silk strand and is readily soluble in mild alkaline solution.
A genus of silkworm MOTHS in the family Bombycidae of the order LEPIDOPTERA. The family contains a single species, Bombyx mori from the Greek for silkworm + mulberry tree (on which it feeds). A native of Asia, it is sometimes reared in this country. It has long been raised for its SILK and after centuries of domestication it probably does not exist in nature. It is used extensively in experimental GENETICS. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p519)
Fibrous proteins secreted by INSECTS and SPIDERS. Generally, the term refers to silkworm fibroin secreted by the silk gland cells of SILKWORMS, Bombyx mori. Spider fibroins are called spidroins or dragline silk fibroins
The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in animals in which the female is the heterogametic sex (the silkworm moth Bombyx mori, for example)). In such cases the W chromosome is the female-determining and the male is ZZ. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A protein that accounts for more than half of the peripheral nervous system myelin protein. The extracellular domain of this protein is believed to engage in adhesive interactions and thus hold the myelin membrane compact. It can behave as a homophilic adhesion molecule through interactions with its extracellular domains. (From J Cell Biol 1994;126(4):1089-97)
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...