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Identification of Bombyx mori sericin 4 protein as a new biological adhesive.

08:00 EDT 27th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Identification of Bombyx mori sericin 4 protein as a new biological adhesive."

Sericins are large proteins with molecular weights >70 kDa. Three sericin genes were reported in the silkworm, including sericin 1, sericin 2 and sericin 3. In this study, we have identified a new sericin gene and designated it as sericin 4. The sequence, exon-intron structure, alternative splicing, and translation products of this gene have been described in this study. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis indicates that sericin 4 is expressed in the middle silk gland. Immunofluorescence results show co-localization of sericin 1 and sericin 4 in the MSG. Western blot analysis revealed that sericin 4 was found in the larval silk produced from the second instar to the fourth instar. Two protein bands at approximately 280 kDa and 260 kDa, were detected by western blot for sericin 4. Two repetitive motifs that are rich in charged amino acids and glutamine have been identified, and they are likely to be responsible for the adhesiveness of sericin 4. Overall, this study identifies a novel biological adhesive protein and provides new information for understanding how sericins contribute to the adhesive properties of larval silks.

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Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
ISSN: 1879-0003
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A serine-rich sticky protein secreted by MOTHS. Generally, the term refers to silkworm silk gum protein secreted in the middle section of silk gland cells of SILKWORMS, Bombyx mori. Sericin acts as a cement and coating for the two fibroin filaments in a silk strand and is readily soluble in mild alkaline solution.

A genus of silkworm MOTHS in the family Bombycidae of the order LEPIDOPTERA. The family contains a single species, Bombyx mori from the Greek for silkworm + mulberry tree (on which it feeds). A native of Asia, it is sometimes reared in this country. It has long been raised for its SILK and after centuries of domestication it probably does not exist in nature. It is used extensively in experimental GENETICS. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p519)

Fibrous proteins secreted by INSECTS and SPIDERS. Generally, the term refers to silkworm fibroin secreted by the silk gland cells of SILKWORMS, Bombyx mori. Spider fibroins are called spidroins or dragline silk fibroins

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