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Octenyl succinic anhydride starch (OSA-starch) is often used as an emulsifier to protect bioactive compounds such as essential oils. In this study, rosemary essential oil was encapsulated in OSA-starch capsules via electrospraying an emulsion. Creaming was observed in the emulsions with 40% ethanol (v/v) 2 h after preparation, and phase separation occurred after 4 days. The emulsion with 20% ethanol revealed smaller droplets and lower zeta potential, and remained stable for 7 days. The morphology, loading capacity (LC), and encapsulation efficiency (EE) of the capsules, electrosprayed from the emulsions, were evaluated. The capsules from 20 and 30% aqueous ethanol (v/v) were smooth and spherical in shape with few dimpled. EE values were higher in the emulsions with 20% ethanol (82%-98%) when compared to those with 30% ethanol (89%-96%), except when 30% oil content was used. Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry suggested interaction of essential oil with the wall material. In summary, OSA-starch produced a stable emulsion that was suitable for electrospraying into capsules.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
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An envelope of loose gel surrounding a bacterial cell which is associated with the virulence of pathogenic bacteria. Some capsules have a well-defined border, whereas others form a slime layer that trails off into the medium. Most capsules consist of relatively simple polysaccharides but there are some bacteria whose capsules are made of polypeptides.
A class of dicarboxylic acids with the general structure of butanedioic acid (succinic acid). They are used in perfumery and as a chemical intermediate in medicine.
Electrophoresis in which a starch gel (a mixture of amylose and amylopectin) is used as the diffusion medium.
An enzyme of the PHOSPHORYLASES family that catalyzes the degradation of starch, a mixture of unbranched AMYLOSE and branched AMYLOPECTIN compounds. This phosphorylase from plants is the counterpart of GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE in animals that catalyzes the reaction of inorganic phosphate on the terminal alpha-1,4-glycosidic bond at the non-reducing end of glucans resulting in the release of glucose-1-phosphate.
Anhydride polymers with a repeating structure of RC(=O)OC(=O)R. They readily hydrolyze in water making them useful for DELAYED-ACTION PREPARATIONS.