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TSP1 and TSP2 Have Unique and Overlapping Roles in Protecting against Noise-Induced Auditory Synaptopathy.

08:00 EDT 27th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "TSP1 and TSP2 Have Unique and Overlapping Roles in Protecting against Noise-Induced Auditory Synaptopathy."

Thrombospondins (TSPs) are cell adhesion molecules that play an important role in the maintenance of hearing and afferent synaptic connections. Based on their reported function in restoring synaptic connections after stroke, we tested a potential role for TSP1 and TSP2 genes in repairing cochlear synapses following noise injury. We observed a tonotopic gradient in the expression of TSP1 and TSP2 mRNA in control mouse cochleae and an upregulation of these genes following noise exposure. Examining the functional sequelae of these changes revealed that afferent synaptic counts and auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) in noise-exposed TSP1 and TSP2 knockout (-/-) mice exhibited a worst recovery when compared to controls. Consistent with their tonotopic expression, TSP1-/- mice showed greater susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) at 8 kHz and 16 kHz frequencies, whereas NIHL in TSP2-/- mice occurred only at mid and high frequencies. Further analysis of the ABR waveforms indicated peripheral neuronal damage in TSP2-/- but not in TSP1-/- mice. Noise trauma affecting mid to high frequencies triggered severe seizures in the TSP2-/- mice. We found that decreased susceptibility to audiogenic seizures in TSP1-/- mice was correlated with increased TSP2 protein levels in their inner ears, suggesting that TSP2 might functionally compensate for the loss of TSP1 in these mice. Our data indicate that TSP1 and TSP2 are both involved in susceptibility to NIHL, with TSP2 playing a more prominent role.

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Name: Neuroscience
ISSN: 1873-7544
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