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How does birth weight affect health and human capital? A short- and long-term evaluation.

08:00 EDT 1st April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "How does birth weight affect health and human capital? A short- and long-term evaluation."

In utero shocks have been shown to have long-lasting consequences. However, we hardly know whether these effects tend to fade out over time and whether they can be compensated by post-natal investments. This paper examines the effect of birth endowment over time by employing a long panel of individuals born in 1983 in Cebu (Philippines) that includes relevant information on the pregnancy. We build a refined health endowment measure netted out from prenatal investments. We find that initial endowments affect trajectories both through the human capital production function and subsequent parental investment. The effect of birth endowment remains until adulthood and the fading out is very limited for health outcomes but more pronounced for educational outcomes. We also find that parents tend to reinforce initial health endowments, but the effect of this behaviour has almost no effect on final outcomes.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Health economics
ISSN: 1099-1050
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.

An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of gestational age.

An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.

Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to reduce the burden of human illness and dysfunction from environmental causes by, defining how environmental exposures, genetic susceptibility, and age interact to affect an individual's health. It was established in 1969.

The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.

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