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In utero shocks have been shown to have long-lasting consequences. However, we hardly know whether these effects tend to fade out over time and whether they can be compensated by post-natal investments. This paper examines the effect of birth endowment over time by employing a long panel of individuals born in 1983 in Cebu (Philippines) that includes relevant information on the pregnancy. We build a refined health endowment measure netted out from prenatal investments. We find that initial endowments affect trajectories both through the human capital production function and subsequent parental investment. The effect of birth endowment remains until adulthood and the fading out is very limited for health outcomes but more pronounced for educational outcomes. We also find that parents tend to reinforce initial health endowments, but the effect of this behaviour has almost no effect on final outcomes.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Health economics
Globally, preterm birth (PTB) and low infant birth weight (LBW) are leading causes of maternal and child morbidity and mortality. Inadequate water and sanitation access (WASH) are risk factors for PTB...
Under-nutrition in early childhood has harmful impacts on human capital formation in children, with implications for educational, adult health, and labor market outcomes. We investigate the associatio...
Knowledge about the development of the preterm infant gut microbiota is emerging and is critical to their health. Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW; birth weight,
Human breast milk (HBM) is considered inadequate in meeting protein requirements, especially for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, which could affect body composition.
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The purpose of this two-arm investigation is to determine if growth patterns of very low birth weight infants (VLBW) (birth weight 750-1500 grams) fed human milk (maternal or donor) supple...
Definition of low birth weight: Low birth weight infants are those born weighing less than 2500 g. These are further subdivided into: - Very Low Birth Weight : Birth weight
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The World Health Organization (WHO) currently recommends BCG vaccination at birth in developing countries. Pre-term infants should be vaccinated when they reach the chronological age of 40...
A study to compare growth, development of the intestinal bacterial environment, and other short term outcomes in groups of babies fed primarily their own mother's milk compared to those wh...
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to reduce the burden of human illness and dysfunction from environmental causes by, defining how environmental exposures, genetic susceptibility, and age interact to affect an individual's health. It was established in 1969.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...