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Treatment of musculoskeletal pain in children poses unique challenges, particularly in the context of the ongoing opioid epidemic. In addition to the developmental level of the child, the type of pain he or she is experiencing should influence the team's approach when collaborating with the patient and the family to develop and refine pain management strategies. Understanding the categories of pain that may result from specific types of musculoskeletal injuries or orthopaedic surgeries influences the selection of medication or other most appropriate treatment. Although opioids are an important part of managing acute pain in the pediatric population, many other pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapies can be used in combination with or in place of opioids to optimize pain management. This article will review strategies for collaborating with families and the multidisciplinary team, provide an overview of pediatric pain assessment including assessment of acute musculoskeletal pain in children, and discuss pharmacological and nonpharmacological options for managing pain after acute injury or surgery.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Orthopedic nursing
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Registered nurses with graduate degrees in nursing who provide care to pediatric patients who are acutely or critically ill.
Discomfort stemming from muscles, LIGAMENTS, tendons, and bones.
Treatment of MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN by injecting a substance into a joint space, ligament, or tendon to promote the growth of new tissue.
Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Biological actions and functions of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...