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A dual-layer offset (DLO) detector enables depth-of-interaction (DOI) through light sharing between two layers of scintillation arrays with a single-ended readout (SER) scheme. However, the SER scheme in DLO detectors may lead to a layer misassignment when inter-crystal scattering occurs. The aim of this work is to study inter-crystal scattering and evaluate the effects of layer misidentifications in DLO detectors on the performance of scanners suitable for a brain-dedicated PET insert. The influence of layer misidentification on the coincidence response functions (CRFs) of 3 different DLO detectors with total/front/back layer thicknesses of 15/6/9 mm, 20/8/12 mm, and 25/7.5/17.5 mm and a crystal width of about 3 mm was studied through Monte Carlo simulations. To overcome layer misidentification, we studied a practical DLO detector design in which each layer can be read out independently through a discrete-layer readout (DLR) scheme where light sharing between the layers is avoided. The CRFs of the mentioned DLO detectors assuming SER and DLR were analyzed. To evaluate the effects of layer misidentification on image quality, images of a Derenzo-like phantom were also reconstructed for all DLO and their equivalent single layer PET scanners. Our analysis showed that layer misassignments due to inter-crystal scatter in DLO detectors mainly has effect on the full-width at tenth maximum of the CRFs. According to the reconstructed images of the phantom, no significant improvements in the quality of the images were seen when SER was replaced with DLR. The results suggest that layer misidentification in DLO detectors does not play an important role in the quality of the PET images.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Physics in medicine and biology
Parallax error caused by the detector crystal thickness degrades spatial resolution at the peripheral regions of the field-of-view (FOV) of a scanner. To resolve this issue, depth-of-interaction (DOI)...
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The use of a quartz crystal microbalance for measuring weights and forces in the micro- to nanogram range. It is used to study the chemical and mechanical properties of thin layers, such as polymer coatings and lipid membranes; and interactions between molecues.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
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A central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic with actions and uses similar to DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. The smokable form is a drug of abuse and is referred to as crank, crystal, crystal meth, ice, and speed.