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Perimetry is a non-invasive clinical psychometric examination used for diagnosing ophthalmic and neurological conditions. At its core, perimetry relies on a subject pressing a button whenever they see a visual stimulus within their field of view. This sequential process then yields a 2D visual field image that is critical for clinical use. Perimetry is painfully slow however, with examinations lasting 7-8 minutes per eye. Maintaining high levels of concentration during that time is exhausting for the patient and negatively affects the acquired visual field. We introduce PASS, a novel perimetry testing strategy, based on reinforcement learning, that requires fewer locations in order to effectively estimate 2D visual fields. PASS uses a selection policy that determines what locations should be tested in order to reconstruct the complete visual field as accurately as possible, and then separately reconstructs the visual field from sparse observations. Furthermore, PASS is patient-specific and non-greedy. It adaptively selects what locations to query based on the patient's answers to previous queries, and the locations are jointly selected to maximize the quality of the final reconstruction. In our experiments, we show that PASS outperforms state-of-the-art methods, leading to more accurate reconstructions while reducing between 30% and 70% the duration of the patient examination.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Medical image analysis
The assessment of visual field findings is fundamental in neuro-ophthalmological functional diagnostics: By means of perimetry, functional and topodiagnostic considerations in case of unexplained visu...
The data were gathered from 98 eyes of 98 ocular healthy subjects. The subject ages ranged from 18 to 79 years with a mean (and standard deviation) of 47 (17) years. Each subject underwent two visual ...
Bilateral strokes are rare and should be considered when patients present with bilateral visual field loss characterized by patterns consistent with right and left-sided homonymous visual field defect...
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to use standard automated perimetry to compare fixation variability among the dominant eye fixation, non-dominant eye fixation, and binocular fixation conditi...
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This is a single center, prospective study to evaluate the efficacy and reproducibility of frequency doubling technology (FDT)-based visual field devices compared to conventional Humphrey ...
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Perimetry is a well-established method that is used to measure the visual field functions of humans. Commercially available products, such as the OCTOPUS 900 (Haag-Streit AG, Koeniz, Switz...
Improved Assessment of Visual Field Change is a trial aimed at investigating mechanisms of visual field testing variability. We have found using larger stimulus size substantially lowers s...
Visual impairment can affect up to 70% of stroke survivors, but many do not have their vision adequately assessed in hospital. An unidentified visual defect can cause significant problems ...
Determination of the extent of the visual field for various types and intensities of stimuli.
Partial or complete loss of vision in one half of the visual field(s) of one or both eyes. Subtypes include altitudinal hemianopsia, characterized by a visual defect above or below the horizontal meridian of the visual field. Homonymous hemianopsia refers to a visual defect that affects both eyes equally, and occurs either to the left or right of the midline of the visual field. Binasal hemianopsia consists of loss of vision in the nasal hemifields of both eyes. Bitemporal hemianopsia is the bilateral loss of vision in the temporal fields. Quadrantanopsia refers to loss of vision in one quarter of the visual field in one or both eyes.
The total area or space visible in a person's peripheral vision with the eye looking straightforward. The average extent is about 65 degree upward, 75 degree downward, 60 degree inward, and 95 degree outward. Visual fields can be measured by PERIMETRY.
A multi- and interdisciplinary field concerned with improving health and achieving equity in health for all people. It transcends national boundaries, promotes cooperation and collaboration within and beyond health science fields, and combines population-based disease prevention with individually-based patient care.
Repetitive visual hallucinations experienced mostly by elderly with diminished visual acuity or visual field loss, with awareness of the fictional nature of their hallucinations. It is not associated with delusions and other sensory hallucinations.
Mergers & Acquisitions
Commercial and market reports on mergers and acquisitions in the biotechnology, pharmaceutical, medical device and life-science industries. Mergers and acquisitions (abbreviated M&A;) is an aspect of corporate strategy, corporate finance and manageme...
Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering whe...