The role of oxytocin in early mother-infant interactions: Variations in maternal affect attunement.

08:00 EDT 29th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The role of oxytocin in early mother-infant interactions: Variations in maternal affect attunement."

The aim of the present research was to investigate the relationship between oxytocin and maternal affect attunement, as well as the role of affect attunement in the relationship between oxytocin and infant social engagement during early mother-infant interactions. Forty-three mother-infant dyads participated in the present study when infants were 4 months. They were observed during (1) a situation where no communication took place and (2) a natural interaction between mother and infant. During this procedure, three saliva samples from mothers and their infants were collected to determine their levels of oxytocin at different time points. Maternal affect attunement (maintaining attention, warm sensitivity) and infant interactive behaviors (gaze, positive, and negative affect) were coded during the natural interaction. Results indicated that overall maternal oxytocin functioning was negatively related to her warm sensitivity, while infant oxytocin reactivity together with maternal affect attunement were associated with infant positive social engagement with their mothers. Specifically, infant oxytocin reactivity was significantly related to their gazes at mother, but only for infants of highly attuned mothers. These results point to the complex role oxytocin plays in parent-infant interactions while emphasizing the need to analyze both overall oxytocin functioning as well as reactivity as different indices of human affiliative behavior.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Infant behavior & development
ISSN: 1934-8800
Pages: 58-68


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [24367 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Maternal and paternal depression and anxiety: their relationship with mother-infant interactions at 3 months.

While there have been studies on the effects of maternal depression and anxiety on mother-infant styles of interaction in infancy, there have been no studies on the effects of paternal depression and ...

Dynamic DNA methylation changes in the maternal oxytocin gene locus (OXT) during pregnancy predict postpartum maternal intrusiveness.

Maternal behavior (MB) is observable across mammals and represents an important feature of environmental variation during early postnatal development. Oxytocin (OT) plays a crucial role in MB. Even pr...

Parental Engagement and Early Interactions With Preterm Infants Reduce Risk of Late Postpartum Depression.

Recent studies have shown that preterm delivery is a risk factor for the development of postpartum depression, which not only impairs maternal-infant interactions, leading to infant developmental dela...


Research on Mother-Baby Units (MBUs) has mainly focused on maternal psychiatric outcomes, not the well-being of infants. This study investigated infant development and mental health along with materna...

Infant frontal EEG asymmetry moderates the association between maternal behavior and toddler negative affectivity.

Relatively little work has examined potential interactions between child intrinsic factors and extrinsic environmental factors in the development of negative affect in early life. This work is importa...

Clinical Trials [8804 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Testosterone and Cortisol Levels in Infants

Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants have more health and developmental problems than normal birth weight full-term infants. These problems are more common in males than female VLBW preter...

Familiy Medicine Perspective to Maternal-infant Bonding

Maternal bonding was described as a qualitative change in the relationship of a mother with her infant. By this study, the investigators aimed to investigate the mother-infant bonding and ...

Mother-Infant Psychoanalysis Project of Stockholm

Mother-infant relationship disturbances broadly comprise three areas; maternal distress, infant functional problems, and relationship difficulties. Given the high frequency of such disturb...

Mother and Late Preterm Lactation Study

Breastfeeding has various benefits for the mother and infant. It has the capability of reducing the risk of short term and long term problems for the infant, such as gastroenteritis, respi...

Emotional Reactions of Mothers Facing Premature Births

Our intervention in the maternity and neonatal wards helped our sensibility to the immediate parental reaction to the premature birth. Among these reactions, what is called "stress" by the...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.

Cell surface proteins that bind oxytocin with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. Oxytocin receptors in the uterus and the mammary glands mediate the hormone's stimulation of contraction and milk ejection. The presence of oxytocin and oxytocin receptors in neurons of the brain probably reflects an additional role as a neurotransmitter.

The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.

The degree of antigenic similarity between tissues of the mother and those of the FETUS. Maternal-fetal histocompatibility can determine the acceptance and health of the fetus.

Screening techniques first developed in yeast to identify genes encoding interacting proteins. Variations are used to evaluate interplay between proteins and other molecules. Two-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for protein-protein interactions, one-hybrid for DNA-protein interactions, three-hybrid interactions for RNA-protein interactions or ligand-based interactions. Reverse n-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for mutations or other small molecules that dissociate known interactions.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article