Advertisement

Topics

Risk assessment for the sustainability of coastal communities: A preliminary study.

08:00 EDT 26th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Risk assessment for the sustainability of coastal communities: A preliminary study."

With communities increasingly concentrated in coastal regions globally, governments and stakeholders call for cohesive risk assessments for future sustainability in the wake of natural hazards. This can only be achieved through risk-based decision-making and smart resources treatment. To provide a basis for such actions, we here propose a risk assessment (RA) framework focusing on the risk-resilience-sustainability nexus. In contrast to focusing on the traditional RA approach, we propose an integrative approach based on hazard, vulnerability, and resilience covering the full spectrum of RA for effective risk reduction. We further explain how the proposed framework can simultaneously provide useful input for resilience management in parallel to achieving certain Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We apply this framework for typhoon risk assessment (represented by a Typhoon Risk Index-TRI) of coastal counties of mainland China. Different TRIs e.g. total population, elderly population, non-adult population, and economic status are calculated for each coastal county to supplement multi-objective empirical measures for risk reduction. The RA results show a large spatial heterogeneity in typhoon risk with an increase in the risk from north to south along the coast of mainland China. The comparative results from this study are relevant to the prioritization of different regions for immediate or gradual actions, wise decision-making, and risk reduction through proper treatment of resources-related policy implications. The evaluation of the SDGs achievement status reveals that the overall performance of coastal provinces in mainland China is higher to achieve SDGs 3 and 15 followed by 13 and 8. The study shows that while Guangdong province is in the highest risk category, its achievement status for SDG-13 (climate actions, strengthening resilience) is the lowest relative to other provinces, which is critical. This study represents a major scientific contribution to mainland China's coastal risk management and calls for aligning risk-informed planning and sustainability frameworks.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Science of the total environment
ISSN: 1879-1026
Pages: 339-350

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [29402 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Probabilistic ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in western Laizhou Bay, Shandong Province, China.

Considering the serious land-based pollution and the weak water exchange ability of western Laizhou Bay, it is essential to conduct an ecological risk assessment of the pollutants in this area. In thi...

Psychoactive pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs in coastal waters of North-Western Spain: Environmental exposure and risk assessment.

The knowledge on the presence of pharmaceutical compounds, and possible risks, in coastal and marine systems is still limited. This study represents the first attempt at monitoring psychoactive pharma...

Preliminary evaluation of a self-guided fall risk assessment tool for older adults.

Falls are a major health problem for older adults with significant physical and psychological consequences. The first step of successful fall prevention is to identify those at risk of falling. Recent...

The Circulatory Risk in Communities Study (CIRCS): A long-term epidemiological study for lifestyle-related disease among Japanese men and women living in communities.

The Circulatory Risk in Communities Study (CIRCS) is an ongoing community-based epidemiological study of lifestyle-related disease, involving dynamic prospective cohorts of approximately 12,000 adults...

The Mealtime Assessment Scale (MAS): Part 2 - Preliminary Psychometric Analysis.

The Mealtime Assessment Scale (MAS) was developed to assess swallowing safety and efficacy during the meal. The study aims to perform a preliminary validation of MAS by investigating internal consiste...

Clinical Trials [9818 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Community Youth Development Study: A Test of Communities That Care

The Community Youth Development Study is an experimental test of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention planning system. It is designed to find out if communities that use the CTC sys...

Evaluating and Improving the Sustainability of State-level Tobacco Control Programs in the United States

The purpose of this study is to empirically develop, test, and disseminate sustainability training to improve the institutionalization of evidence-based state tobacco control (TC) programs...

Compassionate Communities Neighbourhood Program

This study will evaluate a Compassionate Communities-based intervention aimed at reducing social isolation by mobilizing individuals to act on their health and social needs individually, a...

Neighborhood Environments and Cardiovascular Disease

To investigate the contributions of neighborhood environments to the distribution of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk across different age ranges and racial/ethnic groups, using data from...

The ARIC MRI Study

To perform a follow-up study of cerebrovascular disease in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) magnetic resonance imaging subcohort.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

First-released version of study results in a series of data collection efforts used for the purpose of generating further interest in and or funding of a research study.

The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)

Prospective risk assessment tool aimed at identifying potential risks and their impact in healthcare settings.

Multidisciplinary field focusing on prevention of infectious diseases and patient safety during international TRAVEL. Key element of the pretravel physician's visit is a health risk assessment.

The science concerned with the benefit and risk of drugs used in populations and the analysis of the outcomes of drug therapies. Pharmacoepidemiologic data come from both clinical trials and epidemiological studies with emphasis on methods for the detection and evaluation of drug-related adverse effects, assessment of risk vs benefit ratios in drug therapy, patterns of drug utilization, the cost-effectiveness of specific drugs, methodology of postmarketing surveillance, and the relation between pharmacoepidemiology and the formulation and interpretation of regulatory guidelines. (Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 1992;1(1); J Pharmacoepidemiol 1990;1(1))

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article