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Turbulence exerts nutrients uptake and assimilation of bloom-forming Dolichospermum through modulating morphological traits: Field and chemostat culture studies.

08:00 EDT 26th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Turbulence exerts nutrients uptake and assimilation of bloom-forming Dolichospermum through modulating morphological traits: Field and chemostat culture studies."

Hydrodynamic conditions are closely related to the development and dissipation of cyanobacterial blooms. The morphological features of Dolichospermum under different hydrodynamic conditions were analysed during three blooms in Gaoyang Lake, which is part of the backwater area of the China Three Gorges Reservoir, from 2007 to 2010. The results showed that the length of filaments and the morphology of cells were different in relation to the turbulence caused by the difference in hydraulic retention times. Thus, it was hypothesized that turbulence could shape the morphology and physiology of cyanobacteria. To answer the question regarding what the morphological and physiological responses of cyanobacteria to turbulent mixing mean for these organisms, laboratory experiments in continuous cultivation under different dilution rates were conducted to analyse the effects of specific turbulence intensity on the growth, nutrient uptake and morphology of Dolichospermum flos-aquae. Increasing the turbulence intensity caused synchronous increases in the ratio of the cellular length to the width, in the specific surface area of the filament and the cell and in the nutrient uptake rate; at the same time, the average filament length decreased. These indicated that the turbulence, within the range of our experimental design, could stimulate the growth of Dolichospermum by increasing its nutrient uptake. Additionally, at a high specific growth rate, the nutrient uptake rate of Dolichospermum changed more noticeably with the increasing morphological indicators, indicating that the rapidly growing Dolichospermum was more sensitive to turbulence. These findings explain the role of morphological strategies in the dominance of Dolichospermum within a certain range of turbulence intensity, especially in the early growth stage of blooms. The results also facilitate a greater understanding of the hydrodynamic effects on cyanobacteria and will be instrumental in developing flow regulation to control cyanobacterial blooms in reservoirs.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Science of the total environment
ISSN: 1879-1026
Pages: 329-338

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The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).

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The delivery of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or by some other non-alimentary route. The basic components of TPN solutions are protein hydrolysates or free amino acid mixtures, monosaccharides, and electrolytes. Components are selected for their ability to reverse catabolism, promote anabolism, and build structural proteins.

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