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A series of 4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (BODIPY) with different connection sites and conjugation length and fluorene alternating conjugated polymers have been synthesized via palladium-catalyzed Suzuki coupling reaction. The polymers were fully characterized by H NMR spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and their properties were measured by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry (CV), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, the Z-scan technique, and theoretical calculation using density-functional theory (DFT) method. The results indicate that the connection sites and conjugation length of BODIPY have great effect on the optical-electronic and nonlinear optical properties of the conjugated BODIPY- fluorene copolymers although they don't affect the polymerization process. The absorption and emission peaks of P1 exhibit red shifts compared to those of P2 and P3. The polymers show good nonlinear optical properties that are closely related to the connection sites of the BODIPY pendants. P1 exhibits relatively richer nonlinear optical (NLO) properties than P2 and P3. The third order nonlinear optical coefficient (χ) of P1 is 3.57 × 10 esu, which is ~4 times larger than those of P2 and P3.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy
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