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Auditory change detection, as indexed by the EEG-derived mismatch negativity, has been demonstrated to be dysfunctional in chronic schizophrenia using both pure-tone and speech (phoneme) sounds. It is unclear, however, whether reduced MMN amplitudes to speech sound deviants are observed within the first 5 years of the illness. The present study investigated MMNs elicited by across-vowel (phoneme) change in early schizophrenia (ESZ; Experiment 1) as well as chronic schizophrenia (CSZ; Experiment 2). In both experiments, clinical and control participants were presented the Finnish phoneme /e/ (standard; P = .90) and the Finnish phoneme /ö/ (deviant; P = .10) within an oddball paradigm. In experiment 2 we report significantly reduced MMN amplitudes in CSZ relative to HCs, but no differences were found when comparing ESZ and HC in experiment 1. Additionally, in our clinical samples, MMN amplitudes were correlated with symptom scores. These findings suggest that early detection of phonetic change may be impaired in chronic schizophrenia, but not early in the progression of the illness. As MMN reductions only emerged in patients with a longer course of illness, and appeared to change with symptom severity, this suggests a dynamic change in the early auditory processing of language over time in schizophrenia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
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Acquired or developmental cognitive disorders of AUDITORY PERCEPTION characterized by a reduced ability to perceive information contained in auditory stimuli despite intact auditory pathways. Affected individuals have difficulty with speech perception, sound localization, and comprehending the meaning of inflections of speech.
Ability to make speech sounds that are recognizable.
Loss of sensitivity to sounds as a result of auditory stimulation, manifesting as a temporary shift in auditory threshold. The temporary threshold shift, TTS, is expressed in decibels.
Tests of accuracy in pronouncing speech sounds, e.g., Iowa Pressure Articulation Test, Deep Test of Articulation, Templin-Darley Tests of Articulation, Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation, Screening Speech Articulation Test, Arizona Articulation Proficiency Scale.
An instrument for reproducing sounds especially articulate speech at a distance. (Webster, 3rd ed)
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