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Metabolic syndrome and its associated morbidity and mortality have been well documented in adults with schizophrenia. However, data is lacking for their geriatric counterparts. We sought to investigate the frequency of screening and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in older adults with schizophrenia, as well as its possible correlates, using the Cohort of individuals with schizophrenia Aged 55 years or more study (n = 353). We found that 42.2% (n = 149) of our sample was screened for metabolic syndrome. Almost half of those (n = 77; 51.7%) screened positive according to ATPIII criteria. Hypertension and abdominal obesity were the two most prevalent metabolic abnormalities. Screening was positively associated with male gender and urbanicity, and metabolic syndrome diagnosis was positively associated with cardiovascular disorders and consultation with a general practitioner (all p < 0.05). However, there were no significant associations of metabolic syndrome with socio-demographic or clinical characteristics, psychotropic medications, other medical conditions and other indicators of mental health care utilization. Our findings support that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among older adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorder is high and screening is crucial mainly in those patients with hypertension and/or abdominal obesity. Factors at play might be different than those in the younger population.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Psychiatry research
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Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...
Schizophrenia is a common serious long-term mental health condition that affects 5 in 1000 in the UK. It causes a range of different psychological symptoms; hallucinations, delusions, muddled thoughts based on the hallucinations or delusions and ch...