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Open-endedness is often considered a prerequisite property of the whole evolutionary system and its dynamical behaviors. In the actual history of evolution on Earth, however, there are many examples showing that open-endedness is rather a consequence of evolution. We suggest that this view, which we call evolved open-endedness (EOE), be incorporated more into research on open-ended evolution. This view should allow for systematic investigation of more nuanced, more concrete research questions about open-endedness and its relationship with adaptation and sustainability.
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Name: Artificial life
Nature's spectacular inventiveness, reflected in the enormous diversity of form and function displayed by the biosphere, is a feature of life that distinguishes living most strongly from nonliving. It...
Building more open-ended evolutionary systems can simultaneously advance our understanding of biology, artificial life, and evolutionary computation. In order to do so, however, we need a way to deter...
Mortality data at the population level are often aggregated in age classes, for example 5-year age groups with an open-ended interval for the elderly aged 85+. Capturing detailed age-specific mortalit...
We detect ongoing innovation in empirical data about human technological innovations. Ongoing technological innovation is a form of open-ended evolution, but it occurs in a nonbiological, cultural pop...
The Gustilo classification is the most established system for classifying open fractures. Despite this, the classification has changed in how it has been described and interpreted. We have traced how ...
To explore and illuminate the cultural, social, and psychological factors that either facilitate or serve as barriers to behavioral change in angioplasty patients. Through a series of ope...
This is an open-label, multi-center, long-term, (open-ended) safety study with 125 mg per day of azimilide in patients who completed protocol 2000098.
An 8-week, Open-Label Study to Characterize the Response to Modafinil (85mg Film-Coated Tablet) Treatment at Dosages up to 425mg/Day in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hype...
Well-informed potential subjects are presumably better able to make autonomous decisions about the risks and benefits of participating in a research study than those in possession of less ...
THAOS is a global, multi-center, longitudinal observational survey open to all patients with transthyretin-associated amyloidoses (ATTR), including ATTR-PN (polyneuropathy), ATTR-CM (cardi...
It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.
Changing an operative procedure from an endoscopic surgical procedure to an open approach during the INTRAOPERATIVE PERIOD.
Glaucoma in which the angle of the anterior chamber is open and the trabecular meshwork does not encroach on the base of the iris.
Small, sacculated organs found within the DERMIS. Each gland has a single duct that emerges from a cluster of oval alveoli. Each alveolus consists of a transparent BASEMENT MEMBRANE enclosing epithelial cells. The ducts from most sebaceous glands open into a HAIR FOLLICLE, but some open on the general surface of the SKIN. Sebaceous glands secrete SEBUM.
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