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Study of resonant tunneling through multi-metallic quantum well (QW) structure is not only important for the fundamental understanding of quantum transport, but also for the great potential to generate advanced functionalities of spintronic devices. However, it remains challenging to engineer such structure due to the short electron phase coherence length in metallic QW system. Here, we demonstrate the successful fabrication of double-QW structure in a single fully epitaxial MTJ heterostructure, where two Fe QW layers are sandwiched between three MgAlOx tunnel barriers. We show clear evidence of the coherent resonant tunneling through the discrete QW states in the two QWs. The coherent resonant tunneling condition is fulfilled only when the middle barrier between the two QWs is thin enough and available QW states are present simultaneously in both QWs under a certain bias. Compared to the single QW structure, the resonant tunneling in double-QW MTJ produces strong conductivity oscillations with much narrower peak width (about half) owing to the enhanced energy filtering effect. This study presents a comprehensive understanding of the resonant tunneling mechanism in MTJ with multiple QWs, which is essential for future development of new spintronic devices operating in the quantum tunneling regime.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nano letters
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Nanometer sized fragments (the dots) of semiconductor crystalline material which emit PHOTONS. The wavelength is based on the quantum confinement size of the dot. They are brighter and more persistent than organic chemical INDICATORS. They can be embedded in MICROBEADS for high throughput ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY.
A type of scanning probe microscopy in which a very sharp conducting needle is swept just a few angstroms above the surface of a sample. The tiny tunneling current that flows between the sample and the needle tip is measured, and from this are produced three-dimensional topographs. Due to the poor electron conductivity of most biological samples, thin metal coatings are deposited on the sample.
Scanning microscopy in which a very sharp probe is employed in close proximity to a surface, exploiting a particular surface-related property. When this property is local topography, the method is atomic force microscopy (MICROSCOPY, ATOMIC FORCE), and when it is local conductivity, the method is scanning tunneling microscopy (MICROSCOPY, SCANNING TUNNELING).
Cylindrical metallic tubes that are inserted to hold open a structure in order to treat vascular, bile duct, esophageal and other tubular organ constrictions.
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions.