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Microneedle Patch-Mediated Treatment of Bacterial Biofilms.

08:00 EDT 1st April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Microneedle Patch-Mediated Treatment of Bacterial Biofilms."

Current treatments of bacterial biofilms are limited by the poor penetration of antibiotics through their physical barrier as well as significant off-target toxicity of antibiotics and the induction of antibiotic resistance. Here we report a microneedle patch-mediated treatment for the effective elimination of biofilms by penetrating the biofilm and specifically delivering antibiotics to regions of active growth. We fabricated patches with self-dissolvable microneedles and needle tips loaded with chloramphenicol (CAM)-bearing and gelatinase-sensitive gelatine nanoparticles (CAM@GNPs). During the microneedle patch-mediated treatment, arrays of 225 microneedles simultaneously penetrates the biofilm matrix. Once inside, the microneedles dissolve and uniformly release CAM@GNPs into the surrounding area. In response to the gelatinase produced by the active bacterial community, the CAM@GNPs disassemble and release CAM into these active regions of the biofilm. Moreover, CAM@GNPs exhibited minimal off-target toxicity compared to direct CAM administration, which in turn favours wound healing. Importantly, we found that our microneedle-mediated treatment is more effective in treating vibrio vulnificus biofilms than drug in free solution. We believe this new treatment strategy can be used to improve the delivery of a wide range of antimicrobial agents to biofilm-contaminated sites.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: ACS applied materials & interfaces
ISSN: 1944-8252
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