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Several studies have shown that expression of zinc-finger protein 143 (ZNF143) is closely related to tumour progression including colon cancer. However, it remains unclear how ZNF143 expression is related to tumour progression within the tumour microenvironment. Here, we investigated whether ZNF143 expression affects the tumour microenvironment and tumour progression by screening molecules secreted by colon cancer cells stably expressing short-hairpin RNAs against ZNF143 or control RNAs. We observed that secretion of interleukin (IL)-8 was increased when ZNF143 expression was reduced in two colon cancer cell lines. The mRNA and protein levels of IL-8 were increased in cells following ZNF143 knockdown, and this effect was reversed when ZNF143 expression was restored. The Janus tyrosine kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathways were also shown to contribute to IL-8 expression in ZNF143-knockdown cells. The expression levels of ZNF143 and IL-8 were inversely correlated with three-dimensionally grown spheroids and colon cancer tissues. THP-1 cells were differentiated when cells were incubated with condition media from colon cancer cell with less ZNF143, drastically. Loss of ZNF143 may contribute to the development of colon cancer by regulating intracellular and intercellular signalling for cell plasticity and the tumour microenvironment respectively.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of cellular and molecular medicine
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A protein family defined by the presence of three ZINC FINGER domains, one of which is a RING FINGER DOMAIN, a coiled-coil region, and a highly variable C-terminal region. They function in many cellular processes including APOPTOSIS and CELL CYCLE regulation.
A Krupple-type transcription factor consisting of an N-terminal BTB DOMAIN and nine CYS2-HIS2 ZINC FINGERS. It localizes to the nucleus and regulates cell cycle progression and gene expression for tissue development and homeostasis; it may also function as an epigenetic regulator through its interactions with HISTONE DEACETYLASE. Genetic rearrangements involving the ZBTB16 gene are associated with ACUTE PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA.
A family of zinc finger transcription factors that share homology with Kruppel protein, Drosophila. They contain a highly conserved seven amino acid spacer sequence in between their ZINC FINGER MOTIFS.
Genetically engineered nucleases that cleave DNA at a defined distance from specific DNA sequences recognized by ZINC FINGER DNA-BINDING DOMAINS. They are composed of a DNA cleaving domain adapted from DNA endonucleases fused to a zinc finger DNA-binding domain.
A ZINC FINGER MOTIF protein that recognizes and interacts with damaged DNA. It is a DNA-binding protein that plays an essential role in NUCLEOTIDE EXCISION REPAIR. Mutations in this protein are associated with the most severe form of XERODERMA PIGMENTOSUM.
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Colon or Colorectal cancer is the growth of malignant polyps on the colon, bowel, anus and rectum. Growths in these locations can be benign, and removed by colonoscopy, but they have a risk of becoming malignant. About 10 per cent of bowel cancer...