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Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common human sarcoma and can form along the entire gastrointestinal tract. Over the last 20 years, considerable advances have been made in our understanding of the biology of GISTs. The advent of tyrosine kinase inhibitors has provided effective medical therapy for the first time. In fact, given that GIST typically is driven by either a KIT or PDGFRA gene mutation, it has become a paradigm of targeted molecular therapy. In addition, diagnostic and surgical techniques have been refined. Here, the critical aspects of primary GISTs and how they are now managed with an integrated approach are summarized. Treatment plans are developed based on specific pathologic and molecular features of the tumor. The authors outline the general principles of therapy and highlight some of the nuances. Particular focus is given to diagnosis, surgical considerations, and the use of preoperative and postoperative tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
This article was published in the following journal.
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most frequent neoplasms of mesenchymal origin affecting the gastrointestinal tract. GISTs quite frequently co-exist with other primary tumors in up to 3...
Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has recently been used for the management of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Here, the feasibility and effectiveness of SILS for GIST and indication...
Intraoperative pathologic findings during bariatric surgery are relatively rare. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are commonly located in the stomach and account for
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), despite the fact that it accounts for less than 5% of all sarcomas, is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the alimentary canal. Synchronous and metachronous st...
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal tumors that express type 3 tyrosine kinase receptors and are thought to develop from the neoplastic transformation of the interstitial Cajal cel...
Open-label, multicenter study of imatinib (400mg/die p.o.)in patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Patients will be treated for up to 12 months. Data regarding its best c...
The objective of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes following resumption of dosing (re-challenge) with Imatinib plus best supportive care versus placebo plus best supportive ca...
The purpose of this multicenter, single-arm, exact binomial single-stage, phase II trial is to evaluate the efficacy of Nilotinib in patients with unresectable or metastatic gastrointestin...
This is a retrospective analysis and description of the preferred diagnostic and treatment methods employed on GIST on the Region of Coquimbo from 2003 to 2008.
RATIONALE: SU011248 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth. It is not yet known if SU011248 is effective in treating malignant gastrointestin...
Neoplasms of the endometrial stroma that sometimes involve the MYOMETRIUM. These tumors contain cells that may closely or remotely resemble the normal stromal cells. Endometrial stromal neoplasms are divided into three categories: (1) benign stromal nodules; (2) low-grade stromal sarcoma, or endolymphatic stromal myosis; and (3) malignant endometrial stromal sarcoma (SARCOMA, ENDOMETRIAL STROMAL).
All tumors in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT arising from mesenchymal cells (MESODERM) except those of smooth muscle cells (LEIOMYOMA) or Schwann cells (SCHWANNOMA).
Neoplasms derived from the primitive sex cord or gonadal stromal cells of the embryonic GONADS. They are classified by their presumed histogenesis and differentiation. From the sex cord, there are SERTOLI CELL TUMOR and GRANULOSA CELL TUMOR; from the gonadal stroma, LEYDIG CELL TUMOR and THECOMA. These tumors may be identified in either the OVARY or the TESTIS.
A tyrosine kinase inhibitor and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that inhibits the BCR-ABL kinase created by chromosome rearrangements in CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA and ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA, as well as PDG-derived tyrosine kinases that are overexpressed in gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
Mucocellular carcinoma of the ovary, usually metastatic from the gastrointestinal tract, characterized by areas of mucoid degeneration and the presence of signet-ring-like cells. It accounts for 30%-40% of metastatic cancers to the ovaries and possibly 1%-2% of all malignant ovarian tumors. The lesions may not be discovered until the primary disease is advanced, and most patients die of their disease within a year. In some cases, a primary tumor is not found. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1685)
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...