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Tardy Ulnar Nerve Palsy.

08:00 EDT 28th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Tardy Ulnar Nerve Palsy."

Tardy ulnar nerve palsy is a chronic clinical condition characterized by a delayed onset ulnar neuropathy after an injury to the elbow. Typically, tardy ulnar nerve palsy occurs as a consequence of nonunion of pediatric lateral condyle fractures at the elbow, which eventually lead to a cubitus valgus deformity. While the child grows, the deformity worsens and the ulnar nerve is gradually stretched until classic symptoms of ulnar nerve neuropathy appear. Other childhood elbow trauma has also been associated with tardy ulnar nerve palsy, including supracondylar fractures resulting in cubitus varus, fractures of the medial condyle and of the olecranon, as well as radial head or Monteggia fractures/dislocation, with or without deformity. The clinical assessment includes obtaining a complete history, physical examination, nerve conduction tests, and elbow imaging studies. Treatment consists of ulnar nerve decompression, with or without corrective osteotomy, with overall successful results usually achieved.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
ISSN: 1940-5480
Pages:

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PubMed Articles [1937 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Missed proximal radioulnar joint translocation with ulnar nerve entrapment: an unusual injury in a child.

Traumatic elbow dislocation in a child is rare, and it is usually associated with fractures. Simultaneous proximal radioulnar joint (PRUJ) translocation with ulnar nerve palsy is even rarer. We report...

Imaging appearance following surgical decompression of the ulnar nerve.

Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow is the second most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. Yet, there is a paucity of literature focusing on the imaging appearance following surgical decomp...

Distal nerve transfer from the median nerve lumbrical fibers to the distal ulnar nerve motor branches in the palm: An anatomical cadaveric study.

The aim of the current study is to investigate the first and second lumbrical nerves as potential fibers donors to the deep motor branch of the ulnar nerve to avoid intrinsic atrophy in high ulnar ner...

Zancolli procedure and nerve repair with sural graft as a treatment for patient with claw hand due to complete rupture of ulnar and median nerve: A case report.

Combined injuries of peripheral nerve of upper extremity are usually the result of severe trauma to the extremity, and are often associated with substantial soft tissue, vascular, and bony injuries. T...

Ulnar Nerve Anterior Transmuscular Transposition in the Lateral Decubitus Position.

Ulnar nerve anterior transmuscular transposition is a well-accepted surgical technique for the treatment of ulnar nerve entrapment or subluxation at the elbow. The procedure, which addresses both comp...

Clinical Trials [2361 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Prospective Evaluation of Reverse End to Side Anterior Interosseous Nerve to Ulnar Nerve Transfer for Severe Compressive Ulnar Neuropathy at the Elbow

Ulnar nerve compression at the elbow is a common problem and can significantly affect hand function in severe cases. The current, standard treatment is Ulnar nerve decompression with or wi...

ULnar Nerve ECHographic Observation (ULNECHO)

There is currently no consensus on the normal ultrasound surface of the ulnar nerve at the elbow. The goal of this study is to study the ulnar nerve surface at the elbow in a population of...

Electrical Nerve Stimulation of the Ulnar Nerve

Cubital tunnel syndrome is caused by compression of the ulnar nerve at the elbow. This leads to symptoms such as chronic hand weakness, numbness and pain. This is usually treated with a su...

Preoperative Prevalence of Ulnar Neuropathy and Changes in Ulnar Nerve Latency During Surgery

This study is to investigate the incidence of undiagnosed ulnar neuropathy in patients undergoing surgery. The investigators hope to determine if patients with ulnar neuropathy have change...

Ulnar Nerve Block for Procedural Anesthesia - Wrist Versus Palm

Ulnar nerve blockade is necessary for sensory anesthesia and analgesia in the hand during minor procedures. The course of the ulnar nerve in the forearm, wrist, and hand is predictable and...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the ulnar nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C7 to T1), travel via the medial cord of the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the hand and forearm.

Ulnar neuropathies caused by mechanical compression of the nerve at any location from its origin at the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its terminations in the hand. Common sites of compression include the retroepicondylar groove, cubital tunnel at the elbow (CUBITAL TUNNEL SYNDROME), and Guyon's canal at the wrist. Clinical features depend on the site of injury, but may include weakness or paralysis of wrist flexion, finger flexion, and ulnar innervated intrinsic hand muscles, and impaired sensation over the ulnar aspect of the hand, fifth finger, and ulnar half of the ring finger. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p43)

Compression of the ULNAR NERVE in the cubital tunnel, which is formed by the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle, humeral-ulnar aponeurosis, and medial ligaments of the elbow. This condition may follow trauma or occur in association with processes which produce nerve enlargement or narrowing of the canal. Manifestations include elbow pain and PARESTHESIA radiating distally, weakness of ulnar innervated intrinsic hand muscles, and loss of sensation over the hypothenar region, fifth finger, and ulnar aspect of the ring finger. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p43)

Childhood-onset of recurrent headaches with an oculomotor cranial nerve palsy. Typically, ABDUCENS NERVE; OCULOMOTOR NERVE; and TROCHLEAR NERVE are involved with DIPLOPIA and BLEPHAROPTOSIS.

Disease involving the ULNAR NERVE from its origin in the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its termination in the hand. Clinical manifestations may include PARESIS or PARALYSIS of wrist flexion, finger flexion, thumb adduction, finger abduction, and finger adduction. Sensation over the medial palm, fifth finger, and ulnar aspect of the ring finger may also be impaired. Common sites of injury include the AXILLA, cubital tunnel at the ELBOW, and Guyon's canal at the wrist. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51 pp43-5)

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