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Modern Implant Options for the Treatment of Distal Femur Fractures.

08:00 EDT 28th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Modern Implant Options for the Treatment of Distal Femur Fractures."

Distal femur fractures occur in a periarticular fracture pattern and disproportionately afflict an aging population. Although the goals of treatment have not changed, the emergence of new surgical techniques and devices has recently been developed and refined to treat this challenging fracture pattern. Treatment options include open reduction and internal fixation with periarticular locking plates, intramedullary nails, or distal femur replacement. Despite rapid adoption, these modern solutions display a concerning complication rate, specifically from nonunion and malunion. The indications for each of these treatment strategies are not well defined and are the subject of current debate. As with the use of any orthopaedic implant, the knowledge of the strengths and weaknesses of each construct is paramount to successful treatment of these fractures. Recently, as the understanding of the biomechanics of distal femur fracture healing has improved, the literature has demonstrated clinical and theoretical improvements in the outcomes after distal femur fracture repair.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
ISSN: 1940-5480
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).

Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.

Fractures of the femur.

Transverse sectioning and repositioning of the maxilla. There are three types: Le Fort I osteotomy for maxillary advancement or the treatment of maxillary fractures; Le Fort II osteotomy for the treatment of maxillary fractures; Le Fort III osteotomy for the treatment of maxillary fractures with fracture of one or more facial bones. Le Fort III is often used also to correct craniofacial dysostosis and related facial abnormalities. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1203 & p662)

Aseptic or avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The major types are idiopathic (primary), as a complication of fractures or dislocations, and LEGG-PERTHES DISEASE.

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