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Acute Inflammation in Traumatic Brain Injury and Polytrauma Patients Using Network Analysis.

08:00 EDT 28th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Acute Inflammation in Traumatic Brain Injury and Polytrauma Patients Using Network Analysis."

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with secondary injury to the central nervous system (CNS) via inflammatory mechanisms. The combination of polytrauma and TBI further exacerbates the inflammatory response to injury; however, combined injury phenomena have not been thoroughly studied. In this study, we examined the inflammatory differences between patients with TBI versus patients with polytrauma, but no TBI (polytrauma). We hypothesize that patients with TBI have a heightened early inflammatory response compared with polytrauma.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Shock (Augusta, Ga.)
ISSN: 1540-0514
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.

Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)

A form of acquired brain injury which occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain.

Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)

Bleeding within the brain as a result of penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Traumatically induced hemorrhages may occur in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM (see BRAIN STEM HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC); and CEREBELLUM.

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