Using resonance synchronous spectroscopy to characterize the reactivity and electrophilicity of biologically relevant sulfane sulfur.

08:00 EDT 26th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Using resonance synchronous spectroscopy to characterize the reactivity and electrophilicity of biologically relevant sulfane sulfur."

Sulfane sulfur is common inside cells, playing both regulatory and antioxidant roles. However, there are unresolved issues about its chemistry and biochemistry. We report the discovery that reactive sulfane sulfur such as polysulfides and persulfides could be detected by using resonance synchronous spectroscopy (RS). With RS, we showed that inorganic polysulfides at low concentrations were unstable with a half-life about 1 min under physiological conditions due to reacting with glutathione. The protonated form of glutathione persulfide (GSSH) was electrophilic and had RS signal. GSS was nucleophilic, prone to oxidation, but had no RS signal. Using this phenomenon, pK of GSSH was determined as 6.9. GSSH/GSS was 50-fold more reactive than HS/HS towards HO at pH 7.4, supporting reactive sulfane sulfur species like GSSH/GSS may act as antioxidants inside cells. Further, protein persulfides were shown to be in two forms: at pH 7.4 the deprotonated form (R-SS) without RS signal was not reactive toward sulfite, and the protonated form (R-SSH) in the active site of a rhodanese had RS signal and readily reacted with sulfite to produce thiosulfate. These data suggest that RS of sulfane sulfur is likely associated with its electrophilicity. Sulfane sulfur showed species-specific RS spectra and intensities at physiological pH, which may reveal the relative abundance of a reactive sulfane sulfur species inside cells.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Redox biology
ISSN: 2213-2317
Pages: 101179


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