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Inflammasomes play an important role in neuroinflammation. However, their function during the secondary death of retinal cells after traumatic optic neuropathy and their dependence on pathogen stimuli remains unclear. Therefore, we evaluated the expression profiles of 10 different inflammasome-related mRNAs in the retina following an optic nerve crush (OPC) injury under both conventional sterile as well as non-sterile conditions, and validated two significantly varied ones on a protein level. While most factors were much more highly elevated in non-sterile conditions, both Nlrp1b and Nlrp3 inflammasome mRNAs were increased significantly on postoperative day 1 to day 7 in the mouse sterile OPC injury model. While production of the inflammation-associated cytokines IL-1β and IL-18 could be continuously detected on an mRNA level postoperatively, a clear peak could be seen on day 7 that coincided with maximal expression of caspase-1 mRNA and with observation of retinal ganglion cells death, despite the mice being held in specific-pathogen free conditions. As such, the pro-inflammatory cytokines activated by inflammasome activation during OPC injury may drive secondary cell death through pyroptosis, and inhibition of these delayed responses may be an important means of preventing worsened injury and loss of vision in trauma patients.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International immunopharmacology
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Atrophy of the optic disk which may be congenital or acquired. This condition indicates a deficiency in the number of nerve fibers which arise in the RETINA and converge to form the OPTIC DISK; OPTIC NERVE; OPTIC CHIASM; and optic tracts. GLAUCOMA; ISCHEMIA; inflammation, a chronic elevation of intracranial pressure, toxins, optic nerve compression, and inherited conditions (see OPTIC ATROPHIES, HEREDITARY) are relatively common causes of this condition.
Conditions which produce injury or dysfunction of the second cranial or optic nerve, which is generally considered a component of the central nervous system. Damage to optic nerve fibers may occur at or near their origin in the retina, at the optic disk, or in the nerve, optic chiasm, optic tract, or lateral geniculate nuclei. Clinical manifestations may include decreased visual acuity and contrast sensitivity, impaired color vision, and an afferent pupillary defect.
The 2nd cranial nerve. The optic nerve conveys visual information from the retina to the brain. The nerve carries the axons of the retinal ganglion cells which sort at the optic chiasm and continue via the optic tracts to the brain. The largest projection is to the lateral geniculate nuclei; other important targets include the superior colliculi and the suprachiasmatic nuclei. Though known as the second cranial nerve, it is considered part of the central nervous system.
Nerve fiber originating from the OPTIC CHIASM that connects predominantly to the LATERAL GENICULATE BODIES. It is the continuation of the VISUAL PATHWAY that conveys the visual information originally from the RETINA to the optic chiasm via the OPTIC NERVES.
Set of cell bodies and nerve fibers conducting impulses from the eyes to the cerebral cortex. It includes the RETINA; OPTIC NERVE; optic tract; and geniculocalcarine tract.
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