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The 4-and-a-half LIM domain protein 2 (FHL2) is a multifunctional adaptor protein that can interact with cell surface receptors, cytosolic adaptor and structural proteins, kinases, and nuclear transcription factors. It is involved in numerous functional activities, including the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, cell proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, migration, structural stability, and gene expression. Despite this, FHL2-knockout (KO) mice are viable and fertile with no obvious abnormalities, rather suggesting a high capacity for fine-tuning adjustment and functional redundancy of FHL2. Indeed, challenging FHL2-KO cells or mice provided numerous evidences for the great functional significance of FHL2. In recent years, several reviews have been published describing the high capacity of FHL2 to bind diverse proteins as well as the versatile functions of FHL2, emphasizing in particular its role in cardiovascular diseases and carcinogenesis. Here, we view the function of FHL2 from a different perspective. We summarize the published data demonstrating the impact of FHL2 on wound healing and inflammation. FHL2 seems to be involved in numerous steps of these extremely complex and multidirectional but tightly regulated tissue remodeling processes, supporting tissue repair and coordinating inflammation. Deficiency of FHL2 not only slows down ongoing wound healing but also often turns it into a chronic condition.-Wixler, V. The role of FHL2 in wound healing and inflammation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
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A secreted matrix metalloproteinase which is highly expressed by MACROPHAGES where it may play a role in INFLAMMATION and WOUND HEALING.
A secreted matrix metalloproteinase that may play a role in matrix degradation during WOUND HEALING. It is expressed at high levels by KERATINOCYTES, suggesting its role in keratinocyte migration.
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A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.
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Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Alternative medicine are whole medical systems that did not fit with conventional medicine as they have completely different philosophies and ideas on the causes of disease, methods of diagnosis and approaches to treatment. Although often overlapping, co...