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Plasminogen activator, tissue type regulates germinal vesicle breakdown and cumulus expansion of bovine cumulus-oocyte complex in vitro†.

08:00 EDT 2nd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Plasminogen activator, tissue type regulates germinal vesicle breakdown and cumulus expansion of bovine cumulus-oocyte complex in vitro†."

Plasminogen activator, tissue type (PLAT) and its inhibitor serpin family E member 1 (SERPINE1) cooperatively regulate PLAT activity in various reproductive processes. However, it is unknown whether this includes bovine oocyte maturation. We addressed this question in the present study by evaluating PLAT and SERPINE1 protein localization in immature cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs), as well as PLAT mRNA and protein expression in cultured COCs after 0, 8, 16, and 24 h of in vitro maturation (IVM). We also examined the effects of PLAT and SERPINE1 on germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) and oocyte cyclic 3' 5' adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels, cumulus expansion index, and expansion-related gene expression in oocytes derived from bovine COCs cultured for 4, 8, and 12 h and in COCs cultured for 16 h. PLAT and SERPINE1 both localized in cumulus cells but only the latter was detected in oocytes. PLAT and SERPINE1 transcript levels increased during IVM; however, from 8 to 16 h, the levels of PLAT remained stable whereas those of SERPINE1 increased, resulting in a decline in PLAT concentration. Additionally, PLAT delayed GVBD, increased oocyte cAMP levels, and blocked cumulus expansion and associated gene expression, which was reversed by SERPINE1 supplemented. Thus, PLAT delays bovine oocyte GVBD by enhancing oocyte cAMP levels during the first 8 h of IVM; suppression of PLAT activity via accumulation of SERPINE1 in COCs results in cumulus expansion from 8 to 16 h of IVM. These findings provide novel insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying in vitro bovine oocyte maturation.

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Name: Biology of reproduction
ISSN: 1529-7268
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An extracellular receptor specific for UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR. It is attached to the cell membrane via a GLYCOSYLPHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL LINKAGE and plays a role in the co-localization of urokinase-type plasminogen activator with PLASMINOGEN.

A proteolytic enzyme in the serine protease family found in many tissues which converts PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN. It has fibrin-binding activity and is immunologically different from UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR. The primary sequence, composed of 527 amino acids, is identical in both the naturally occurring and synthetic proteases.

An acylated inactive complex of streptokinase and human lysine-plasminogen. After injection, the acyl group is slowly hydrolyzed, producing an activator that converts plasminogen to plasmin, thereby initiating fibrinolysis. Its half-life is about 90 minutes compared to 5 minutes for TPA; (TISSUE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR); 16 minutes for UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR and 23 minutes for STREPTOKINASE. If treatment is initiated within 3 hours of onset of symptoms for acute myocardial infarction, the drug preserves myocardial tissue and left ventricular function and increases coronary artery patency. Bleeding complications are similar to other thrombolytic agents.

Member of the serpin family of proteins. It inhibits both the tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activators.

A member of the serpin family of proteins. It inhibits both the tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activators.

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