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Label-free density-based detection of adipocytes of bone marrow origin using magnetic levitation.

08:00 EDT 2nd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Label-free density-based detection of adipocytes of bone marrow origin using magnetic levitation."

Adipocyte hypertrophy and hyperplasia are important parameters in describing abnormalities in adipogenesis that are concomitant to diseases such as obesity, diabetes, anorexia nervosa and osteoporosis. Therefore, technical developments in the detection of adipocytes become an important driving factor in adipogenesis research. Current techniques such as optical microscopy and flow cytometry are available in detection and examination of adipocytes, driving cell- and molecular-based research of adipogenesis. Even though microscopy techniques are common and straightforward, they are restricted in terms of manipulation and separation of the cells. Flow cytometry is an alternative, but mature adipocytes are fragile and cannot withstand the flow process. Other separation methods usually require labeling of the cells or usage of microfluidic platforms that utilize fluids with different densities. Magnetic levitation is a novel label-free technology with the principle of movement of cells towards the lower magnetic field in a paramagnetic medium depending on their individual densities. In this study, we used a magnetic levitation device for density-based single cell detection of differentiated adipogenic cells in heterogeneous populations. Results showed that the magnetic levitation platform was sensitive to changes in the lipid content of mesenchymal stem cells committed to adipogenesis and it could be successfully used to detect the adipogenic differentiation of the cells.

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Name: The Analyst
ISSN: 1364-5528
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Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.

The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.

Neoplasms located in the bone marrow. They are differentiated from neoplasms composed of bone marrow cells, such as MULTIPLE MYELOMA. Most bone marrow neoplasms are metastatic.

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The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.

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