Risk for eating disorders and body composition among adolescent female and male athletes and non-athlete controls.

08:00 EDT 2nd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Risk for eating disorders and body composition among adolescent female and male athletes and non-athlete controls."

Purpose The objective of this research was to investigate the risk for eating disorders (EDs) and compare body composition in participants with and without risk in adolescent Slovenian athletes and aged matched controls. Methods A total of 583 randomly selected adolescents, aged from 15 to 17 years, completed a sick, control, one stone, fat, food (SCOFF) questionnaire for detecting risk for EDs. Weight and body composition were measured using a bioelectrical impedance machine. Based on the data body mass index (BMI), percentiles were calculated. Results Overall, 37.7% of athletes and 39.8% of controls were classified as at risk for EDs. Girls showed a significantly higher frequency of risk than boys, 1:3.5. A higher percentage of underweight boys was found in control group compared to the athletes, but the difference was not significant in the subsample of girls. Differences in body composition show that the at-risk group had significantly higher values in BMI percentiles (p < 0.001) and percentages of fat mass (p < 0.001) and lower values in percentage of muscle mass (p < 0.01) and fat-free mass. Conclusions These finding demonstrate that the gap in risk for EDs between males and females is becoming smaller and stresses to consider specific parameters of body composition as being important when identifying at-risk groups for EDs.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of adolescent medicine and health
ISSN: 2191-0278


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [26673 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Sex differences in eating related behaviors and psychopathology among adolescent military dependents at risk for adult obesity and eating disorders.

Stressors unique to military families may place dependents of military service members of both sexes at high-risk for disordered-eating. Yet, there are no data examining sex-related differences in eat...

Evidence for a perceptual mechanism relating body size misperception and eating disorder symptoms.

There are known and serious health risks associated with extreme body weights, including the development of eating disorders. Body size misperceptions are particularly evident in individuals with eati...

Why is premorbid BMI consistently elevated in clinical samples, but not in risk factor samples, of individuals with eating disorders?

Body image disturbance is widely viewed as contributing to the development and maintenance of disordered eating. Yet this perspective is not inconsistent with the possibility that elevated premorbid B...

Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Body Image Disturbances Among South African Mothers and Their Daughters Living in Soweto, Johannesburg.

In South African families, a phenomenon of mothers' acceptance of stoutness coexists with their daughters' appreciation for thinness. A sample of N = 615 mother-and-daughter pairs was recruited to con...

Developmental Premorbid Body Mass Index Trajectories of Adolescents With Eating Disorders in a Longitudinal Population Cohort.

To examine whether childhood body mass index (BMI) trajectories are prospectively associated with later eating disorder (ED) diagnoses.

Clinical Trials [13621 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Intervention Program to Improve Body Image and Self-Esteem Among Female Athletes.

A controlled, randomized clinical intervention study which includes the development and activation of an intervention program designed to prevent eating disorders among adolescent female a...

Description and Evaluation of Eating Disorders in Elite Athletes (TCA SHN)

Athletes in particular elite athletes have obsessional food and body concerns, in bond with a worship of the performance more and more invading, which lead to clinical and subclinical eati...

Personality Pathology and Cerebral Processing in Eating Disorders

The proposed study will investigate whether, on the basis of personality traits and personality disorders as well as specific cerebral activation patterns shows differences in adolescent f...

Pilates Program in Female Adolescent With Eating Disorders

Physical exercise helps patients with eating disorders by improving their physical fitness, quality of life and other specific variables of this pathology. Pilates has a beneficial effect ...

Omega-3 Fatty Acids as Adjunctive Treatment for Adolescents With Eating Disorders

Eating disorders are conditions that are defined by abnormal eating habits that involve insufficient or excessive food intake. With regards to treating these disorders, there is an increas...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition of competitive female athletes in which there are interrelated problems of EATING DISORDERS; AMENORRHEA; and OSTEOPOROSIS.

The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.

Mental disorders related to feeding and eating that are usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood.

An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)

Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...

Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...

Searches Linking to this Article