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Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings influence Bacillus subtilis spore formation.

08:00 EDT 2nd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings influence Bacillus subtilis spore formation."

Bacillus subtilis is a Gram-positive plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium exerting many beneficial effects on plant health. Because they secrete antimicrobial compounds and elicit induced systemic resistance, B. subtilis and phylogenetically related species are of particular interest as antifungals in organic agriculture. These bacteria are also known for their capacity to differentiate phenotypically into endospores able to withstand many environmental stresses. However, while B. subtilis is often inoculated on plants as spores, dynamics of germination and sporulation on roots remain unexplored. Using a hydroponic culture system and a soil system for A. thaliana, we observed that B. subtilis spores germinate rapidly on contact with plants. However, the vegetative cells are abundant on roots for only a few days before reversing back to spores. We observed that the germinant receptor GerK and sporulation kinases KinA and KinB identified in vitro, control sporulation dynamics on plants. Surprisingly, when plants are inoculated with B. subtilis, free-living cells sporulate more rapidly than plant-associated cells. However, a direct contact between plant and bacteria is required for the induction of sporulation in the surrounding B. subtilis. This study has fundamental implications for our understanding of interactions between Bacillus spp. and plants, and particularly for a more efficient usage of B. subtilis as a biofertilizer or biofungicide.

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Name: Molecular plant-microbe interactions : MPMI
ISSN: 0894-0282
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Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.

A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.

A plant homeotic protein involved in the development of stamens and carpels of Arabidopsis thaliana. It is a DNA-binding protein that contains the MADS-box domain. It is one of the four founder proteins that structurally define the superfamily of MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS.

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