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Effect of cryoballoon and radiofrequency ablation for pulmonary vein isolation on left atrial function in patients with non-valvular paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: a prospective randomized study (Cryo-LAEF study).

08:00 EDT 2nd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effect of cryoballoon and radiofrequency ablation for pulmonary vein isolation on left atrial function in patients with non-valvular paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: a prospective randomized study (Cryo-LAEF study)."

Isolation of the pulmonary veins (PVI) has become mainstay in atrial fibrillation (AFib) therapy. Lesions in left atrial tissue lead to scar formation and this may affect left atrial function.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology
ISSN: 1540-8167
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A malformation of the heart in which the embryonic common PULMONARY VEIN was not incorporated into the LEFT ATRIUM leaving behind a perforated fibromuscular membrane bisecting the left atrium, a three-atrium heart. The opening between the two left atrium sections determines the degree of obstruction to pulmonary venous return, pulmonary venous and pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Placement of a balloon-tipped catheter into the pulmonary artery through the antecubital, subclavian, and sometimes the femoral vein. It is used to measure pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary artery wedge pressure which reflects left atrial pressure and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. The catheter is threaded into the right atrium, the balloon is inflated and the catheter follows the blood flow through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle and out into the pulmonary artery.

An anomalous pulmonary venous return in which the right PULMONARY VEIN is not connected to the LEFT ATRIUM but to the INFERIOR VENA CAVA. Scimitar syndrome is named for the crescent- or Turkish sword-like shadow in the chest radiography and is often associated with hypoplasia of the right lung and right pulmonary artery, and dextroposition of the heart.

A compression of ILIAC VEIN that results in a decreased flow in the vein and in the left LOWER EXTREMITY due to a vascular malformation. It may result in left leg EDEMA, pain, iliofemoral DEEP VENOUS THROMBOSIS and POSTTHROMBOTIC SYNDROME. Compression of the left common ILIAC VEIN by the right common ILIAC ARTERY against the underlying fifth LUMBAR VERTEBRA is the typical underlying malformation.

Narrowing of the PULMONARY VEIN.

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