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Controlling the motion of artificial self-propelled micro- and nanomotors independent of the fuel concentration is still a great challenge. Here we describe the first report of speed manipulation of supramolecular nanomotors via blue light-responsive valves, which can regulate the access of hydrogen peroxide fuel into the motors. Light-sensitive polymeric nanomotors are built up via the self-assembly of functional block copolymers, followed by bowl-shaped stomatocyte formation and incorporation of platinum nanoparticles. Subsequent addition of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) leads to the formation of inclusion complexes with the trans-isomers of the azobenzene derivatives grafted from the surfaces of the stomatocytes. β-CDs attachment decreases the diffusion rate of hydrogen peroxide into the cavities of the motors because of partly blocking of the openings of the stomatocyte. This results in a lowering of the speed of the nanomotors. Upon blue light irradiation, the trans-azobenzene moieties isomerize to the cis-form, which lead to the detachment of the β-CDs due to their inability to form complexes with the cis-isomer. As a result, the speed of the nanomotors increases accordingly. Such a conformational change provides us with the unique possibility to control the speed of the supramolecular nanomotor via light-responsive host-guest complexation. We envision that such artificial responsive nano-systems with controlled motion could have potential applications in drug delivery.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English)
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The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.
Interactions between hospital staff or administrators and patients. Includes guest relations programs designed to improve the image of the hospital and attract patients.
Organic polymeric materials which can be broken down by naturally occurring processes. This includes plastics created from bio-based or petrochemical-based materials.
Screening techniques first developed in yeast to identify genes encoding interacting proteins. Variations are used to evaluate interplay between proteins and other molecules. Two-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for protein-protein interactions, one-hybrid for DNA-protein interactions, three-hybrid interactions for RNA-protein interactions or ligand-based interactions. Reverse n-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for mutations or other small molecules that dissociate known interactions.
The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
<!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery is the method or process of administering a pharmaceutical compound to achieve a therapeutic effect in humans or animals. <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery technologies are <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->patent pr...