Relationship between microbial diversity and nitrogenase activity of Stipagrostis pennata rhizosheath.

08:00 EDT 2nd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Relationship between microbial diversity and nitrogenase activity of Stipagrostis pennata rhizosheath."

Nitrogen is the key factor for plant survival and growth, especially in the desert. Stipagrostis pennata, a sand born drought-resistant plant, could colonize pioneerly in Gurbantunggut Desert during revegetation. One strategy for their environment adaptation was the rhizosheath formatted by root-hair, mucilaginous exudates, microbial components, and soil particles, for which not only provides a favorable living microenvironment but also supplies essential nutrients. To understand the relationship between microorganisms living in rhizosheaths and the nitrogen nutrition supply, the microbial diversity and nitrogenase activity was estimated during the growth of S. pennata. Five samples of the rhizosheath, which based on the development periods of the plant, regreen, flowering, filling, seed maturating, and withering period, were collected. The nitrogenase activity was estimated by acetylene reduction and the microbial diversity was analyzed by 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing. The results showed that the nitrogenase activity was increased slowly during regreen to flowering, while reached a peak rapidly at filling sample and then decreased gradually. A total of 274 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were identified and significant differences in community structure and composition at each growth period. Among them, the main phyla included Actinobacteria and Proteus, which were the most abundant phyla in all periods. In addition, the microbial diversity in the grain filling period was higher than other periods in view of the analysis of alpha diversity and beta diversity. Furthermore, principal component analysis (PCA) analysis showed that the microbial communities in the filling period was low in similarity with other periods. Most importantly, the OTUs associated with nitrogen fixation is the most during the filling period, involving Phagecidae and Fucoraceae. Overall, the study not only revealed the differences in nitrogenase activity among different developmental periods in S. pennata, but also explored the potential bridges between it and community structure and diversity of bacteria.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of cellular biochemistry
ISSN: 1097-4644


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [19141 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Plaque biofilm microbial diversity in infants aged 12 months and their mothers with or without dental caries: a pilot study.

A number of studies on oral microbial diversity of early childhood caries (ECC) have tended to focus on mid- or late-stage of ECC, with a lack of research into early stage of tooth eruption and matern...

Geobiological feedbacks, oxygen, and the evolution of nitrogenase.

Biological nitrogen fixation via the activity of nitrogenase is arguably one of the most important biological innovations, allowing for an increase in global productivity that eventually permitted the...

Environmental and spatial variables determine the taxonomic but not functional structure patterns of microbial communities in alpine grasslands.

There is considerable debate regarding how the taxonomic diversity of microbial communities relates to the functional diversity across space while similar questions have been explored in macro-organis...

Effects of biomass pyrolysis derived wood vinegar on microbial activity and communities of activated sludge.

The effects of wood vinegar (WVG) on microbial activity and communities of activated sludge were investigated in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) process. Results showed that the optimal WVG concentra...

The Relationship between Spatial Structure and the Maintenance of Diversity in Microbial Populations.

Spatial structure is pervasive in the microbial world, yet we know little about how it influences the evolution of microbial populations. It is thought that spatial structure limits the scale of compe...

Clinical Trials [5496 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

A Study of the Relationship of Gut Microbial Composition and Stroke Outcome

The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the relationship between gut microbial composition and stroke outcome. If we can establish a relationship between gastrointestinal microbi...

Effect of Prebiotic Intake on Gut Microbiota in Healthy Adults

In recent years, the importance of the gut microbiota to human health has been demonstrated. In adulthood, the microbial profile is relatively stable, yet can be transiently altered by fac...

Microbial Diversity of Small Bowel Stoma Effluent and Colonic Faeces

Several studies suggested that dysbacteriosis usually happened in patients with intestinal failure (IF). However, differences of microbiota diversity in small intestine stoma effluents and...

Microbial Diversity of Pancreatic Diseases

This study plans to analyze the digestive flora structure of the group of patients with pancreatic cancer。The investigators compared the microflora of pancreatic cancer with other pancre...

Motivational Intervention on the Gut Microbiota of Obese Children

Animal models and studies on small samples of obese adults have shown that gut microbial diversity and certain types of bacteria could predict the efficacy of the dietetic treatment to imp...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.

A quantitative prediction of the biological, ecotoxicological or pharmaceutical activity of a molecule. It is based upon structure and activity information gathered from a series of similar compounds.

The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of ANTIBODIES. It enables the IMMUNE SYSTEM to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of ANTIGENS it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: (1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; (2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and (3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION gene segments during the differentiation of the ANTIBODY-PRODUCING CELLS.

A functional relationship between psychological phenomena of such nature that the presence of one tends to evoke the other; also, the process by which such a relationship is established.

Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. Each colony (i.e., microbial colony-forming unit) represents the progeny of a single cell in the original inoculum. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Searches Linking to this Article