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The effect of minimally invasive surgical aortic valve replacement on postoperative pulmonary and skeletal muscle function.

08:00 EDT 2nd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The effect of minimally invasive surgical aortic valve replacement on postoperative pulmonary and skeletal muscle function."

What is the central question of this study? An increasing number of patients are in need of aortic valve replacement. It remains unresolved how surgical aortic valve replacement affects the cardiopulmonary and muscle function during exercise. What is the main finding and its importance? Early after the surgical replacement of the aortic valve a significant decline in pulmonary function was observed, which was followed by a decline in skeletal muscle function in the subsequent weeks of recovery. These date reiterate, despite restoration of aortic valve function, the need of a tailored rehabilitation program for the respiratory and peripheral muscular system.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Experimental physiology
ISSN: 1469-445X
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Surgical treatment for severe AORTIC VALVE STENOSIS. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is used as an alternative option in patients who are deemed at high risk or inoperable for traditional open-heart surgery.

Procedures that avoid use of open invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device. With the reduced trauma associated with minimally invasive surgery, long hospital stays may be reduced with increased rates of short stay or day surgery.

The downward displacement of the cuspal or pointed end of the trileaflet AORTIC VALVE causing misalignment of the cusps. Severe valve distortion can cause leakage and allow the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to aortic regurgitation.

Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-controlled manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.

Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).

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