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Substitution effects on olefin epoxidation catalyzed by Oxoiron(IV) porphyrin π-cation radical complexes: A dft study.

08:00 EDT 2nd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Substitution effects on olefin epoxidation catalyzed by Oxoiron(IV) porphyrin π-cation radical complexes: A dft study."

The effects of peripheral fluorine atoms on epoxidation reactions of ethylene by oxoiron(IV) porphyrin cation radical complex in the quartet and sextet spin multiplicities are systematically investigated using the DFT method. The overall reaction routes are determined using a model system of ethylene and Fe(IV)OCl-porphyrin with substituted fluorine atoms. By obtaining the energy diagrams and electron- and spin-density difference contour maps of the transition states and intermediate compounds, we confirm that the electron-withdrawing by peripheral fluorine atoms enhances the reactivity as the number of fluorine atoms increases, as is observed experimentally. The intersystem crossing between the quartet and sextet spin multiplicities is discussed by means of the intrinsic reaction coordinate method. We conclude that the rate-determining step is located at the first transition state (TS1) for the activation of CC and FeO bonds, and the ground electronic state changes from quartet to sextet around the TS1. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of computational chemistry
ISSN: 1096-987X
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