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The value of Free Androgen Index depends on the phenotype of polycystic ovary syndrome, one centre experience.

08:00 EDT 2nd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The value of Free Androgen Index depends on the phenotype of polycystic ovary syndrome, one centre experience."

The free androgen index (FAI) values differ among patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome, however the differences are not fully understood and known.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Endokrynologia Polska
ISSN: 2299-8306
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.

A state of intersex or sexual ambiguity, involving the GENOTYPE, the GONADS, the reproductive tract, and/or the external GENITALIA or PHENOTYPE. This concept covers TRUE HERMAPHRODITISM and PSEUDOHERMAPHRODITISM. True hermaphrodites are rare and they possess gonadal tissues of both sexes, tissues from the OVARY and the TESTIS. Pseudohermaphrodites possess gonadal tissue of one sex but exhibit external phenotype of the opposite sex.

A condition caused by the excessive secretion of ANDROGENS from the ADRENAL CORTEX; the OVARIES; or the TESTES. The clinical significance in males is negligible. In women, the common manifestations are HIRSUTISM and VIRILISM as seen in patients with POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME and ADRENOCORTICAL HYPERFUNCTION.

A familial form of PSEUDOHERMAPHRODITISM transmitted as an X-linked recessive trait. These patients have a karyotype of 46,XY with end-organ resistance to androgen due to mutations in the androgen receptor (RECEPTORS, ANDROGEN) gene. Severity of the defect in receptor quantity or quality correlates with their phenotypes. In these genetic males, the phenotypic spectrum ranges from those with normal female external genitalia, through those with genital ambiguity as in Reifenstein Syndrome, to that of a normal male with INFERTILITY.

Compounds that bind to and inhibit the activation of ANDROGEN RECEPTORS.

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