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Low tidal volume (= tidal volume ≤ 6 mL/kg, predicted body weight) ventilation using volume control benefits patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Airway pressure release ventilation ...
Low tidal volume ventilation (LTVV, 6 mL/kg) benefits patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and may aid those with other causes of respiratory failure. Current early ventilation pra...
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) aims to maintain sufficient alveolar ventilation, improve pulmonary gas exchange, assist respiratory muscles, and decrease work of breathing. Monitoring variables such a...
Mechanical ventilation with low tidal volumes is recommended for all patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and may be beneficial to other intubated patients, yet consistent implementation ...
Mechanical ventilation with low tidal volume (about 6 ml.kg-1) reduces mortality in ALI/ARDS patients respect to high tidal volume ventilation (about 12 ml.kg-1). This finding is usually ...
A study of two ventilatory strategies for low tidal volume ventilation compared to a control group to elucidate if low tidal volumes of 3ml/kg or 4ml/kg were feasible for one lung ventilat...
Despite the use of protective ventilation, neuromuscular blocking agent and prone position, ARDS mortality remains high (30%-50%) in observational studies, and pneumothorax rate in randomi...
We propose that as low tidal volume ventilation has proven to be beneficial in patients with established ARDS it may have a role in preventing the onset of acute lung injury in the cardiac...
Respiratory complications range from 8% to 79% of the frequency after open heart surgery where the patient is on-pump operated by cardiopulmonary machine. There were many changes in physio...
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
The volume of air contained in the lungs at the end of a maximal inspiration. It is the equivalent to each of the following sums: VITAL CAPACITY plus RESIDUAL VOLUME; INSPIRATORY CAPACITY plus FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY; TIDAL VOLUME plus INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus functional residual capacity; or tidal volume plus inspiratory reserve volume plus EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus residual volume.
A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
The maximum volume of air that can be inspired after reaching the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the TIDAL VOLUME and the INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is IC.
The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.