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Age- and gender-dependent D-amino acid oxidase activity in mouse brain and peripheral tissues: implication for aging and neurodegeneration.

08:00 EDT 2nd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Age- and gender-dependent D-amino acid oxidase activity in mouse brain and peripheral tissues: implication for aging and neurodegeneration."

D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) is a flavoenzyme, catalyzing oxidative deamination of D-amino acids to produce corresponding α-keto acids, ammonia and hydrogen peroxide. In our search for DAO activity among various tissues, we developed a sensitive assay based on hydrogen peroxide production involving enzyme-coupled colorimetric assay with peroxidase. We first optimized buffer components to extract DAO protein from mouse tissues. Here we show that DAO activity was detected in kidney, cerebellum, medulla oblongata, midbrain and spinal cord, but not in liver. In addition, we observed that DAO activity and expression were decreased in thoracic and lumbar regions of spinal cord in aged mice when compared to young mice, indicating that decreased DAO is involved in motoneuron degeneration during senescence. We also found gender difference in DAO activity in the kidney, suggesting that DAO activity is influenced by sexual dimorphism. We newly detected DAO activity in the epididymis, although undetected in testis. Furthermore, DAO activity was significantly higher in the caput region than corpus and cauda regions of epididymis, indicating that D-amino acids present in the testis are eliminated in epididymis. Taken together, age- and gender-dependent DAO activity in each organ may underlie the human pathophysiology regulated by D-amino acid metabolism.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of biochemistry
ISSN: 1756-2651
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of L-amino acids to KETO ACIDS with the generation of AMMONIA and HYDROGEN PEROXIDE. L-amino acid oxidase is widely distributed in and is thought to contribute to the toxicity of SNAKE VENOMS.

A condensation product of riboflavin and adenosine diphosphate. The coenzyme of various aerobic dehydrogenases, e.g., D-amino acid oxidase and L-amino acid oxidase. (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p972)

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