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Ostwald ripening is a major source of deactivation of functional nanomaterials. It consists in the growth of large nanoparticles at the expense of smaller ones via the formation and decomposition of intermediate chemical species. In most materials of practical interest nanoparticles are dispersed in porous supports with which they interact mechanically. We analyze the consequences of this chemo-mechanical coupling on both kinetic and equilibrium aspects of Ostwald ripening. We show that the long-term stability of a collection of confined nanoparticles depends on nucleation-like events, whereby few particles break through the pore walls early in the process and later grow at the expense of all other particles. This notably explains why the stability of confined nanoparticles depends critically on their initial size distribution; it also provides an explanation for the occasional observation of bimodal particle size distributions in aged materials.
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A fundamental understanding of the Ostwald ripening effect (ORE) during the mechanochemical synthesis of PbTe nanostructures is presented. The ripening process involves the coarsening of larger partic...
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The purpose of this study is to determine whether oral topic silver nanoparticles are effective to reduce potential pathogen microbial loads in mechanical ventilation patients.
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We wish to determine whether patients undergoing cervical ripening with an infusion of saline will have a lower c-section rate than patients who undergo cervical ripening with misoprostol.
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Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.
A layer of protein coating adsorbed by NANOPARTICLES upon entry into PLASMA or other protein-containing biological fluids, which affects how nanoparticles are internalized by cells and cleared from the body.
Small holes of nanometer dimensions in a membrane, that can be used as single molecule detectors. The pores can be biological or synthetic.
Inherited conditions characterized by the partial loss of ADIPOSE TISSUE, either confined to the extremities with normal or increased fat deposits on the face, neck and trunk (type 1), or confined to the loss of SUBCUTANEOUS FAT from the limbs and trunk (type 2).