Is Endurance Exercise Safe? The Myth of Pheidippides.

08:00 EDT 1st April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Is Endurance Exercise Safe? The Myth of Pheidippides."

With the increase in participation in endurance events in the general population, patient concern may arise as to whether endurance exercise is safe. Acute but not chronic increases in blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and urine albumin occur in endurance exercise. Iron-deficiency anemia may be observed in female athletes. Upper respiratory illness is increased in elite athletes but decreased in intense recreational athletes. No convincing evidence of developing osteoarthritis exists. Common gastrointestinal symptoms occur and isolated reports of gastrointestinal bleeding exist. Nevi are increased and the minimal erythematous dose is decreased. Exercising in the presence of air pollution has negative pulmonary effects, but overall, benefit exists. Numerous reports pertain to the cardiovascular system. The risk of cardiac arrest increases during exercise, troponin is elevated after exercise, and a predisposition for atrial fibrillation exists. Ventricular myocardial scar formation as assessed by gadolinium enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging is inconsistently observed, and increased coronary plaque of a more stable variety is reported. Left ventricular compliance is chronically increased and no decrease in longevity is found. Although some concerns exist, endurance exercise is safe.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Southern medical journal
ISSN: 1541-8243
Pages: 210-214


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [4052 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Commentary on "Is Endurance Exercise Safe? The Myth of Pheidippides".

The effects of endurance exercise in hypoxia on acid-base balance and potassium kinetics: a randomized crossover design in male endurance athletes.

Exercise-induced disturbance of acid-base balance and accumulation of extracellular potassium (K) are suggested to elicit fatigue. Exercise under hypoxic conditions may augment exercise-induced altera...

Fueling and Recovery.

As ultra-endurance races continue to rise in popularity, it is critical that athletes understand how to nourish their bodies with proper amounts of calories from carbohydrate, protein, and fat. The im...

The Severe Exercise Domain Amplitude: A Comparison Between Endurance Runners and Cyclists.

Metabolic perturbation and [Formula: see text] on-kinetics are potential modifiers of fatigue and vary in importance depending on the exercise task. Thus, performance fatigability during high-intensit...

Atrial Fibrillation (AF) in Endurance Athletes: a Complicated Affair.

A complex relationship exists between exercise and atrial fibrillation (AF). Moderate exercise reduces AF risk whereas intense strenuous exercise has been shown to increase AF burden. It remains uncle...

Clinical Trials [6865 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Mild Cognitive Impairment and Endurance Exercise in Parkinson's Disease

The overall objective of this study is to determine how high intensity endurance exercise affects both cognition and the signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease as well as if certain bra...

Lifetime Endurance Exercise to Prevent Coronary Artery Disease

The primary objective of the Master@Heart Trial is to investigate whether lifelong endurance exercise reduces the incidence of non-calcified plaques (both mixed and soft plaques) as compar...

The Effect of Fact Versus Myth Messages on Receipt of Influenza Vaccination

The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether message design of educational materials increases vaccination rates among participants.

Beta-alanine and Elder Endurance

The purpose for this study is to determine if beta-alanine supplementation combined with endurance-based resistance training can increase gains in muscular endurance to a greater extent th...

ABCSG C08-Exercise II: Trial of Endurance Exercise Following Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Colorectal Cancer

ABCSG C08 is a randomized, two-arm, multicenter trial to investigate the efficacy of endurance exercise following adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with colorectal cancer. Indication: Loc...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.

Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.

Tapering-off physical activity from vigorous to light, to gradually return the body to pre-exercise condition and metabolic state.

Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).

Alternating sets of exercise that work out different muscle groups and that also alternate between aerobic and anaerobic exercises, which, when combined together, offer an overall program to improve strength, stamina, balance, or functioning.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...

Searches Linking to this Article