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Optimal iron level in hemodialysis patients remains a subject of debate. The reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CHr) is believed to reflect the concentration of iron required in the most recent hematopoiesis in the bone marrow. CHr is not influenced by any factors that measure direct hemoglobin (Hb) of reticulocytes and is considered a reliable indicator. The supply of iron for Hb synthesis is regulated by hepcidin-25 (Hep-25). However, CHr and Hep-25 measurements are not covered by the Japanese medical insurance system. Serum ferritin (s-ft) and transferrin saturation (TSAT) are used mainly as indicators of internal iron status. Therefore, we examined the relationships among CHr, s-ft, TSAT, and Hep-25 to determine the optimal iron level. This report presents the clinical significance of CHr, the potential use of CHr for the diagnosis of iron deficiency, and tests for optimal iron level using CHr as performed in our hospital.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Blood purification
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A disorder characterized by reduced synthesis of the beta chains of hemoglobin. There is retardation of hemoglobin A synthesis in the heterozygous form (thalassemia minor), which is asymptomatic, while in the homozygous form (thalassemia major, Cooley's anemia, Mediterranean anemia, erythroblastic anemia), which can result in severe complications and even death, hemoglobin A synthesis is absent.
Anemia characterized by a decrease in the ratio of the weight of hemoglobin to the volume of the erythrocyte, i.e., the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration is less than normal. The individual cells contain less hemoglobin than they could have under optimal conditions. Hypochromic anemia may be caused by iron deficiency from a low iron intake, diminished iron absorption, or excessive iron loss. It can also be caused by infections or other diseases, therapeutic drugs, lead poisoning, and other conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Miale, Laboratory Medicine: Hematology, 6th ed, p393)
The major component of hemoglobin in the fetus. This HEMOGLOBIN has two alpha and two gamma polypeptide subunits in comparison to normal adult hemoglobin, which has two alpha and two beta polypeptide subunits. Fetal hemoglobin concentrations can be elevated (usually above 0.5%) in children and adults affected by LEUKEMIA and several types of ANEMIA.
One of the sickle cell disorders characterized by the presence of both hemoglobin S and hemoglobin C. It is similar to, but less severe than sickle cell anemia.
ERYTHROCYTE size and HEMOGLOBIN content or concentration, usually derived from ERYTHROCYTE COUNT; BLOOD hemoglobin concentration; and HEMATOCRIT. The indices include the mean corpuscular volume (MCV), the mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC).
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