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Since the advent of reliable mercury-in-glass thermometers in the latter part of the 19th Century the practice of clinical thermometry was thought to be a solved issue. However with advances in technology there has, in recent decades, been a proliferation of temperature measurement methods applied to medical science. Many of these have been introduced because of the clinical benefit they confer, nevertheless, in some cases the metrological foundation and infrastructure to ensure sound measurement was not in place. This paper will focus on the standardisation activity undertaken by the UK's National Physical Laboratory to support reliable temperature measurement, using a number of innovative methods, in a clinical setting.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Physiological measurement
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An independent agency within the Executive Branch of the United States Government. It administers a national social insurance program whereby employees, employers, and the self-employed pay contributions into pooled trust funds. Part of the contributions go into a separate hospital insurance trust fund for workers at age 65 to provide help with medical expenses. Other programs include the supplemental social security income program for the aged, blind, and disabled and the Old Age Survivors and Disability Insurance Program. It became an independent agency March 31, 1995. It had previously been part of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, later the Department of Health and Human Services. (From United States Government Manual, 1994-95)
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Medical methods of either relieving pain caused by a particular condition or removing the sensation of pain during a surgery or other medical procedure.
Measurement of the temperature of a material, or of the body or an organ by various temperature sensing devices which measure changes in properties of the material that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; or LUMINESCENCE.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.