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The PI3K pathway integrates extracellular stimuli to phosphorylate effectors such as AKT and serum-and-glucocorticoid-regulated kinase (SGK1). We have previously reported that the PI3K pathway regulates estrogen receptor (ER)-dependent transcription in breast cancer through the phosphorylation of the lysine methyltransferase KMT2D by AKT. Here, we show that PI3Kα inhibition, via a negative-feedback loop, activates SGK1 to promote chromatin-based regulation of ER-dependent transcription. PI3K/AKT inhibitors activate ER, which promotes SGK1 transcription through direct binding to its promoter. Elevated SGK1, in turn, phosphorylates KMT2D, suppressing its function, leading to a loss of methylation of lysine 4 on histone H3 (H3K4) and a repressive chromatin state at ER loci to attenuate ER activity. Thus, SGK1 regulates the chromatin landscape and ER-dependent transcription via the direct phosphorylation of KMT2D. These findings reveal an ER-SGK1-KMT2D signaling circuit aimed to attenuate ER response through a role for SGK1 to program chromatin and ER transcriptional output.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cell reports
Diffuse gliomas progress by invading neighboring brain tissue to promote post-operative relapse. Transcription factor SOX2 is highly expressed in invasive gliomas and maps to chromosome region 3q26 to...
β-Catenin-dependent WNT signal transduction governs development, tissue homeostasis, and a vast array of human diseases. Signal propagation through a WNT-Frizzled/LRP receptor complex requires protei...
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The NOMOTHETICOS study is a unicentric cross-sectional study for a quantitative analysis of feedback-inhibition in the thyrotropic homeostatic control. Structural parameters are obtained i...
The high prevalence and burden of cardiometabolic disease underlie the urgent need to identify novel approaches to managing and preventing cardiometabolic disease and risk. This project wi...
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This is a phase II, exploratory, open-label, single arm study of BYL719 monotherapy, a selective phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) alpha inhibitor, in adult patients with advanced metas...
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A mechanism of communication with a physiological system for homeostasis, adaptation, etc. Physiological feedback is mediated through extensive feedback mechanisms that use physiological cues as feedback loop signals to control other systems.
Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain-containing proteins that contain intrinsic HISTONE ACETYLTRANSFERASE activity and play important roles in CIRCADIAN RHYTHM regulation. Clock proteins combine with Arntl proteins to form heterodimeric transcription factors that are specific for E-BOX ELEMENTS and stimulate the transcription of several E-box genes that are involved in cyclical regulation. This transcriptional activation also sets into motion a time-dependent feedback loop which in turn down-regulates the expression of clock proteins.
In the interphase nucleus, a condensed mass of chromatin representing an inactivated X chromosome. Each X CHROMOSOME, in excess of one, forms sex chromatin (Barr body) in the mammalian nucleus. (from King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A syndrome characterized by HYPERPIGMENTATION, enlarging pituitary mass, visual defects secondary to compression of the OPTIC CHIASM, and elevated serum ACTH. It is caused by the expansion of an underlying ACTH-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA that grows in the absence of feedback inhibition by adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS, usually after ADRENALECTOMY.
The mechanisms effecting establishment, maintenance, and modification of that specific physical conformation of CHROMATIN determining the transcriptional accessibility or inaccessibility of the DNA.
The process of gene expression is used by eukaryotes, prokaryotes, and viruses to generate the macromolecular machinery for life. Steps in the gene expression process may be modulated, including the transcription, RNA splicing, translation, and post-tran...