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Next-generation sequencing enables advances in the clinical application of genomics by providing high-throughput detection of genomic variation. However, next-generation sequencing technologies, especially whole-genome sequencing (WGS), are often associated with a high false-positive rate. Trio-based WGS can contribute significantly towards improved quality control methods. Mendelian-inconsistent calls (MIC) in parent-child trios are commonly attributed to erroneous sequencing calls, as the true de novo mutation rate is extremely low compared with MIC incidence. Here, we analyzed WGS data from 1314 mother, father, and child trios across ethnically diverse populations with the goal of characterizing MIC. Genotype calls in a trio can be used to assign different signatures to MIC. MIC occur more frequently within repeats but show varying distribution and error mechanisms across repeat types. MIC are enriched within poly-A/T runs in short interspersed nuclear elements. Alignability scores, allele balance, and relative parental read depth vary among MIC signatures and these differences should be considered when designing filters for MIC reduction. MIC cluster in germline deletions and these MIC also segregate with population. Our results provide a basis for making decisions on how each MIC type should be evaluated before discarding them as errors or including them in alternative applications. With the reduction of sequencing cost, family trio whole genome and exome analysis are being performed more routinely in clinical practice. We provide a reference that can be used for annotating MIC with their frequencies in a larger population to aid in the filtering of candidate de novo mutations.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of computational biology : a journal of computational molecular cell biology
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A large highly-conserved family of ATPases with diverse functions in cells that are characterized by the presence of a P-LOOP and a ring shape. They couple the energy generated by ATP hydrolysis to remodeling or mechanical translocation of their target molecules.
The use of the GENETIC VARIATION of known functions or phenotypes to correlate the causal effects of those functions or phenotypes with a disease outcome.
A plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. The species are diverse in appearance and habitat; most have swollen leaf and stem joints.
A large, highly conserved and functionally diverse superfamily of NTPases and nucleotide-binding proteins that are characterized by a conserved 200 to 250 amino acid nucleotide-binding and catalytic domain, the AAA+ module. They assemble into hexameric ring complexes that function in the energy-dependent remodeling of macromolecules. Members include ATPASES ASSOCIATED WITH DIVERSE CELLULAR ACTIVITIES.
A family of phototrophic purple sulfur bacteria that deposit globules of elemental sulfur inside their cells. They are found in diverse aquatic environments.
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DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...