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Interstitial Lung Disease Induced by Crizotinib in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

08:00 EDT 29th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Interstitial Lung Disease Induced by Crizotinib in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer."

The treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer shifted with the development of molecular-targeted therapies, like the tyrosine kinase inhibitors. One example of tyrosine kinase inhibitors is crizotinib, an anaplastic lymphoma tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which targets an echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like-4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene fusion. This mutation is found in only 2% to 7% of non-small-cell lung cancer cases. Although these new therapies have shown promising results, the occurrence of interstitial lung disease as a side effect could be problematic. As the diagnosis of drug-related-interstitial lung disease is difficult to make, computed tomography is an important diagnostic tool. The recognition of computed tomography manifestations of tyrosine kinase inhibitors -induced interstitial lung disease is the key for an early recognition and management of this pulmonary toxicity. We aim to raise awareness of tyrosine kinase inhibitors-induced interstitial lung disease, by reporting the first case of a Portuguese patient treated with crizotinib for non-small-cell lung cancer who developed drug-induced interstitial lung disease.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Acta medica portuguesa
ISSN: 1646-0758
Pages: 236-239

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Clinical Trials [20278 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A diverse group of lung diseases that affect the lung parenchyma. They are characterized by an initial inflammation of PULMONARY ALVEOLI that extends to the interstitium and beyond leading to diffuse PULMONARY FIBROSIS. Interstitial lung diseases are classified by their etiology (known or unknown causes), and radiological-pathological features.

Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.

A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).

A form of pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers which elicit potent inflammatory responses in the parenchyma of the lung. The disease is characterized by interstitial fibrosis of the lung, varying from scattered sites to extensive scarring of the alveolar interstitium.

A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.

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