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High oxygen sensitivity (the slope of the Stern-Volmer plot reaches 0.73/μM) is achieved with a phosphorescence indicator, gadolinium-hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (Gd-HMME), by decreasing the extent of its protection. In air-saturated solution, the phosphorescence quantum efficiency (QE) of Gd-HMME in a non-rigid microenvironment is lower than that in a rigid microenvironment. In contrast, when oxygen is removed, the QE of Gd-HMME in the non-rigid microenvironment was found to be same as that of Gd-HMME in the rigid microenvironment. This indicates that Gd-HMME is much more sensitive to oxygen in the non-rigid microenvironment. The oxygen sensitivity of Gd-HMME was found to increase as the rigidity of its microenvironment decreases. The oxygen response of Gd-HMME without any protection reaches 240 (0-374 μM oxygen), whereas that in the rigid microenvironment is only 3 in this range. The measurement precision of Gd-HMME without any protection is lower than that in the rigid microenvironment. These results indicate that the measurement of oxygen in different concentration ranges would require the rigidity of the microenvironment to be varied. Gd-HMME without any protection can be applied to detect oxygen as low as 0.1 μM. The detection limit of oxygen was evaluated to be as low as 20 nM based on Gd-HMME without any protection.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy
Sorbic acid (2,4-hexadienoic acid; HDA) is commonly used as a probe and quencher for triplet-excited chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM*), an important transient species in natural waters, ye...
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The purpose of this study is to study the effects of EARLY (no more than 24 four hours from injury) administration of extra amounts of oxygen on traumatic brain injury.
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The science and practice of preventing, minimizing, or eliminating damage to AGRICULTURAL CROPS by pest organisms, weeds, and disease-causing agents.
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
A class of G-protein-coupled receptors that react to varying extracellular CALCIUM levels. Calcium-sensing receptors in the PARATHYROID GLANDS play an important role in the maintenance of calcium HOMEOSTASIS by regulating the release of PARATHYROID HORMONE. They differ from INTRACELLULAR CALCIUM-SENSING PROTEINS which sense intracellular calcium levels.
A naphthalene derivative and CALCIMIMETIC AGENT that increases the sensitivity of PARATHYROID GLAND calcium-sensing receptors to serum calcium. This action reduces parathyroid hormone secretion and decreases serum calcium in the treatment of PARATHYROID DISEASES.
Type III intermediate filament proteins that assemble into neurofilaments, the major cytoskeletal element in nerve axons and dendrites. They consist of three distinct polypeptides, the neurofilament triplet. Types I, II, and IV intermediate filament proteins form other cytoskeletal elements such as keratins and lamins. It appears that the metabolism of neurofilaments is disturbed in Alzheimer's disease, as indicated by the presence of neurofilament epitopes in the neurofibrillary tangles, as well as by the severe reduction of the expression of the gene for the light neurofilament subunit of the neurofilament triplet in brains of Alzheimer's patients. (Can J Neurol Sci 1990 Aug;17(3):302)