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Hyponatremia, a cause of brain dysfunction and risk factor for hepatic encephalopathy, is frequent in patients with advanced cirrhosis and ascites. The interdependence of liver failure and hyponatremia makes it difficult to separate the effects of each on cognitive function. The objective was to assess whether an increase in plasma sodium in patients with cirrhosis and ascites leads to an improvement in cognitive function.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology
Hypothyroidism has been suggested to be an uncommon cause of hyponatremia. However, little is known about the prevalence of hypothyroidism in patients with different levels of hyponatremia. The object...
Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disturbance in hospitalized patients. Known risk factors are heart or renal failure, excessive drinking or the use of diuretics. The incidence of hyponatrem...
Hyponatremia is still considered as a challenge of today's medicine. It is an independent factor responsible for the increased mortality among hyponatremic population and its clinical expression might...
Natural history of cirrhosis is characterized by the progression from a compensated to a decompensated state, which is defined by the development of several complications of the disease (1). Ascites i...
Kidney stones impose a large and increasing public health burden. Previous studies showed that hyponatremia is associated with an increased risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures, which are also know...
The prospective clinical diagnosis of hyponatremia is often very difficult- but requirement for an appropriate and riskless treatment of hyponatremia. This study try to establish an algori...
Primary: - To assess the efficacy of SR121463B in correcting hyponatremia in patients with dilutional hyponatremia other than SIADH or cirrhosis Secondary: - To a...
This study will investigate the application of a vasopressin antagonist in the treatment of hyponatremia most likely caused by inappropriate AVP secretion. The population studied will inc...
Demonstrate an improvement in the composite scores of validated neurocognitive tests in elderly subjects with chronic sub-clinical (i.e., asymptomatic) hyponatremia.
Cross ecological quasi-experimental study to assess effectiveness of early intervention in the diagnosis and treatment of hyponatremia in the prevention of hospitalized patients´ falls.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
A databank established by the Health Care Quality Improvement Act of 1986 authorizing the Department of Health and Human Services to collect and release information on the professional competence and conduct of physicians, dentists, nurses, and other health care practitioners. The data include adverse actions on physicians' malpractice, licensure, hospital privileges, concealing of pertinent information, and the like.
Experimentally induced chronic injuries to the parenchymal cells in the liver to achieve a model for LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
A demyelinating condition affecting the PONS and characterized clinically by an acute progressive QUADRIPLEGIA; DYSARTHRIA; DYSPHAGIA; and alterations of consciousness. Pathologic features include prominent demyelination in the central PONS with sparing of axons and neurons. This condition is usually associated with systemic disorders such as HYPONATREMIA; chronic ALCOHOLISM; LIVER FAILURE; severe BURNS; malignant NEOPLASMS; hemorrhagic PANCREATITIS; HEMODIALYSIS; and SEPSIS. The rapid medical correction of hyponatremia has been cited as a cause of this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1125-6)
FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to obstruction of BILE flow (CHOLESTASIS) in the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC; BILE DUCTS, EXTRAHEPATIC). Primary biliary cirrhosis involves the destruction of small intra-hepatic bile ducts and bile secretion. Secondary biliary cirrhosis is produced by prolonged obstruction of large intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts from a variety of causes.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...