Advertisement

Topics

Impacts of land reclamation on tidal marsh 'blue carbon' stocks.

08:00 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Impacts of land reclamation on tidal marsh 'blue carbon' stocks."

Tidal marsh ecosystems are among earth's most efficient natural organic carbon (C) sinks and provide myriad ecosystem services. However, approximately half have been 'reclaimed' - i.e. converted to other land uses - potentially turning them into sources of greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, we applied C stock measurements and paleoanalytical techniques to sediments from reclaimed and intact tidal marshes in southeast Australia. We aimed to assess the impacts of reclamation on: 1) the magnitude of existing sediment C stocks; 2) ongoing C sequestration and storage; and 3) C quality. Differences in sediment horizon depths (indicated by Itrax-XRF scanning) and ages (indicated by lead-210 and radiocarbon dating) suggest a physical loss of sediments following reclamation, as well as slowing of sediment accumulation rates. Sediments at one meter depth were between ~2000 and ~5300 years older in reclaimed cores compared to intact marsh cores. We estimate a 70% loss of sediment C in reclaimed sites (equal to 73 Mg C ha), relative to stocks in intact tidal marshes during a comparable time period. Following reclamation, sediment C was characterized by coarse particulate organic matter with lower alkyl-o-alkyl ratios and higher amounts of aromatic C, suggesting a lower extent of decomposition and therefore lower likelihood of being incorporated into long-term C stocks compared to that of intact tidal marshes. We conclude that reclamation of tidal marshes can diminish C stocks that have accumulated over millennial time scales, and these losses may go undetected if additional analyses are not employed in conjunction with C stock estimates.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Science of the total environment
ISSN: 1879-1026
Pages: 427-437

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [7637 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Land-use/cover conversion affects soil organic-carbon stocks: A case study along the main channel of the Tarim River, China.

Soil organic carbon (SOC) constitutes a large pool within the global carbon cycle. Changes in land-use/cover strongly drive variation of SOC stocks. We analyzed the changes in four types of land use/c...

Four decades' dynamics of coastal blue carbon storage driven by land use/land cover transformation under natural and anthropogenic processes in the Yellow River Delta, China.

Land reclamation can impact a variety of ecosystem services provided by coastal wetlands. The dynamics of coastal blue carbon storage (CBCS) altered by land use/land cover (LULC) transformation and it...

Combining land preparation and vegetation restoration for optimal soil eco-hydrological services in the Loess Plateau, China.

In semiarid terrestrial ecosystems, optimized eco-rehabilitation strategies, such as land preparations and planting vegetation, are keys to achieve a successful ecological restoration. Land preparatio...

Sensitivity of global soil carbon stocks to combined nutrient enrichment.

Soil stores approximately twice as much carbon as the atmosphere and fluctuations in the size of the soil carbon pool directly influence climate conditions. We used the Nutrient Network global change ...

Consolidating regionalized global characterization factors for soil organic carbon depletion due to land occupation and transformation.

Land occupation and transformation change soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks, which are a priority indicator for biotic production potential (BPP) in Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA). SOC is a potent...

Clinical Trials [1518 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

To Compare Predictive Power of End-tidal Carbon Dioxide Between Different Time Line During Resuscitation

To analyze a multi-center observational study database. to select adult non-traumatic in-hospital cardiac arrest. Review and recored end-tidal carbon dioxide in per minute. Arrange them in...

Carbon Monoxide Measurement to Screen for Sickle Cell Disease

Modify the design of the CoSense device (Model C20112, currently cleared by the FDA for ETCO (end-tidal carbon monoxide) monitoring to improve accuracy and consistency under temperature co...

Ability of Changes in End Tidal Carbon Dioxide to Assess the Stroke Volume Effects of a Volume Expansion of 250ml of Crystalloid in the Operating Room

Volume expansion is the cornerstone of perioperative hemodynamic optimization. The main objective of volume expansion is to increase and to maximize stroke volume. Despite national and int...

Effect of Patient Position on Arterial, End-tidal and Transcutaneous Carbon Dioxide

Investigators evaluate the effect of patient position (Trendelenburg and reverse Trendelenburg) on arterial, end-tidal and transcutaneous carbon dioxide partial pressure in patients underg...

Arterial to End-Tidal Carbon Dioxide Difference During Pediatric Laparoscopic Surgeries

Studying the arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide difference in children undergoing laparoscopic surgeries under different intra-abdominal pressures is of extreme importance. This is becau...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Usually a benign tumor, that commonly presents as a solitary blue nodule with spindled MELANOCYTES covered by smooth SKIN. Several variants have been identified, one variant being malignant. The blue color is caused by large, densely packed melanocytes deep in the DERMIS of the nevus. In CHILDREN, they usually occur on the BUTTOCKS and LUMBOSACRAL REGION and are referred to as cellular blue nevi. Malignant blue nevi are more commonly found on the SCALP.

A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.

A compound consisting of dark green crystals or crystalline powder, having a bronze-like luster. Solutions in water or alcohol have a deep blue color. Methylene blue is used as a bacteriologic stain and as an indicator. It inhibits GUANYLATE CYCLASE, and has been used to treat cyanide poisoning and to lower levels of METHEMOGLOBIN.

Unsaturated derivatives of the ESTRANES with methyl groups at carbon-13, with no carbon at carbon-10, and with no more than one carbon at carbon-17. They must contain one or more double bonds.

The metal-free blue phycobilin pigment in a conjugated chromoprotein of blue-green algae. It functions as light-absorbing substance together with chlorophylls.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article