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This study investigated core samples from a landfill site for incinerator residue. The landfill site is one of the first monofill sites for municipal solid waste incinerator residue in the world. The concentrations of the heavy metals Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn, and Ni in the landfilled incinerator residues were 1-108, 41-926, 40-5498, 35-9806, 103-11453, and 25-719 mg/kg, respectively. Based on comparisons of heavy metal contents between raw incinerator fly ash and bottom ash reported in the literature, our samples comprised a mixture of incinerator fly ash and bottom ash. Rainfall had removed the dissolvable salts from the incinerator residues. The compositions of incinerator residues from different locations varied markedly. The vertical distribution showed a high heavy metal content in the waste layers, suggesting no vertical movement of heavy metals in this landfill site. A comparison between the experimental data and data calculated from historic records of the original metal compositions of the incinerator residues suggested high mobility of Zn, Cu, and Pb and low mobility of Cr and Cd. This trend was supported by a leaching test of waste layer samples. Zn and Cu were leached more readily at pH 9.0-10.0 and 10.5-11.5, respectively.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of hazardous materials
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A spectroscopic technique which uses the Mossbauer effect (inelastic scattering of gamma radiation resulting from interaction with heavy nuclei) to monitor the small variations in the interaction between an atomic nucleus and its environment. Such variations may be induced by changes in temperature, pressure, chemical state, molecular conformation, molecular interaction, or physical site. It is particularly useful for studies of structure-activity relationship in metalloproteins, mobility of heavy metals, and the state of whole tissue and cell membranes.
Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Conditions associated with damage or dysfunction of the nervous system caused by exposure to heavy metals, which may cause a variety of central, peripheral, or autonomic nervous system injuries.
Poisoning that results from chronic or acute ingestion, injection, inhalation, or skin absorption of HEAVY METALS. Acute and chronic exposures can cause ANEMIA; KIDNEY and LIVER damage; PULMONARY EDEMA; MEMORY LOSS and behavioral changes; bone deformities in children; and MISCARRIAGE or PREMATURE LABOR in pregnant women.
A sulfur containing essential amino acid that is important in many body functions. It is a chelating agent for heavy metals.