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Lead (Pb) is an environmental pollutant and has toxic effect on birds. Selenium (Se) has alleviative effect on Pb poisoning. This study investigated mitigative effect of Se on autophagy in Pb-treated chicken testes. Seven-day-old male chickens were randomly divided into four groups with 45 birds in each group. The birds of the control group were offered drinking water (DW) and commercial diet (CD) (0.49 mg/kg Se). The birds of the Se group were offered DW and CD containing sodium selenite (SeCD) (1.00 mg/kg Se). The birds of the Pb group were offered DW containing lead acetate (PbDW) (350.00 mg/L Pb) and CD. The birds of the Pb/Se group were offered PbDW and SeCD. On the 30, 60, and 90 days, respectively; histology, antioxidant indexes (hydrogen peroxide (HO), catalase (CAT), total antioxidant capacity (TAOC), reduced glutathione (GSH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD)), mRNA and protein levels of autophagy-related genes (autophagy-related proteins 5, Beclin 1, Dynein, light chain 3 (LC3)-I, LC3-II, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)) were performed in chicken testes. The results of this study showed that Pb caused histological changes; increased HO content; decreased CAT, TAOC, and SOD activities and GSH content; and increased mRNA and protein levels of the above autophagy-related genes except that mTOR decreased in chicken testes. Se alleviated the above changes. Se alleviated histological damage, oxidative stress, and autophagy in the Pb-treated chicken testes.
This article was published in the following journal.
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A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
Various physiological or molecular disturbances that impair ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM function. It triggers many responses, including UNFOLDED PROTEIN RESPONSE, which may lead to APOPTOSIS; and AUTOPHAGY.
An element with the atomic symbol Se, atomic number 34, and atomic weight 78.96. It is an essential micronutrient for mammals and other animals but is toxic in large amounts. Selenium protects intracellular structures against oxidative damage. It is an essential component of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE.
A selenium compound used as a source of SELENIUM, especially for patients that develop selenium deficiency following prolonged PARENTERAL NUTRITION.
Unstable isotopes of selenium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Se atoms with atomic weights 70-73, 75, 79, 81, and 83-85 are radioactive selenium isotopes.
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