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Name: Early human development
In Germany the care of newborn infants is regulated by directives of the Federal Joint Committee. Assignment to the four levels of care, with level 1 being the highest level, is based on maternal risk...
The World Health Organization currently defines severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in infants aged under 6 months of age using weight-for-length Z score (WLZ). Given widespread use of mid-upper arm circu...
To assess the prevalence, mortality and risk factors associated with the birth of very low birth weight preterm infants over a period of 33 years.
This study aimed to evaluate vitamin D status at birth in very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWIs;
Background: Glycemic variability (GV) has been a matter of interest in recent years. However, glycemic variability in preterm infants has not been adequately investigated. Objectives: To evaluate the ...
Definition of low birth weight: Low birth weight infants are those born weighing less than 2500 g. These are further subdivided into: - Very Low Birth Weight : Birth weight
The World Health Organization (WHO) currently recommends BCG vaccination at birth in developing countries. Pre-term infants should be vaccinated when they reach the chronological age of 40...
Perinatal mortality and morbidity continue to be major global health challenges strongly associated with prematurity and reduced fetal growth, an issue of further interest given the mounti...
This trial is a collaborative study between 5 sites worldwide. A total of 600 research subjects will be enrolled. We will investigate the validity of using 5D Limb Volume software to impro...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a daily supplement of vitamin D to low birth weight term infants will reduce their mortality and hospital admissions and improve their imm...
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
Number of fetal deaths with stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more in a given population. Late fetal mortality is death after of 28 weeks or more.
Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)
A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.