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Sodium butyrate ameliorates Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in RAW264.7 macrophages and C57BL/6 mice.

08:00 EDT 6th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Sodium butyrate ameliorates Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in RAW264.7 macrophages and C57BL/6 mice."

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis (CP) infection in livestock has become highly difficult to control. To decrease the incidence of CP infection, the supplementation of feed with non-antibiotic antibacterial substances is a potential approach. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of sodium butyrate (NaB), a potential alternative to antibiotics, on CP infection in RAW264.7 macrophages and C57BL/6 mice. Our data showed that NaB (2 mM) significantly ameliorated CPinfection in RAW264.7 macrophages and decreased the bacterial load in the spleens of infected mice. By real-time PCR, we found that NaB induced significant decreases in zinc-dependent superoxide dismutase (sodC) and tip protein C (spaC) expression in CP from infected-RAW264.7 cells and in phospholipase D (pld) and spaC expression in CP from the spleens of infected mice. NaB treatment significantly up-regulated cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (cramp) expression in spleens of mice infected with CP. Furthermore, NaB alleviated histopathological changes in spleens of CP-infected mice. In conclusion, NaB ameliorated CP infection in RAW264.7 macrophages and C57BL/6 mice, and these effects may be related to the modulation of sodC, spaC, pld, and cramp expression.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Microbial pathogenesis
ISSN: 1096-1208
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A species of gram-positive, asporogenous bacteria that was originally isolated from necrotic areas in the kidney of a sheep. It may cause ulcerative lymphangitis, abscesses, and other chronic purulent infections in sheep, horses, and other warm-blooded animals. Human disease may form from contact with infected animals.

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